At the turn of the 20th century, it is estimated that India probably had many thousands of tigers in the wild.
The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), Government of India, have been conducting tiger estimation surveys in partnership with NGOs. WWF-India was the key NGO partner of the WII and NTCA in conducting the comprehensive country-wide tiger estimation exercise in 2010-11, which revealed a mean tiger population estimate of 1,706.
Based on a census using the pug mark technique, the number of tigers in 2002 stood at 3,642. As per the 2008 tiger estimation exercise conducted by WII in association with the NTCA using camera traps, there were only 1,411 tigers left in the wild in India.
The tiger is not just a charismatic species or just another wild animal living in some far away forest.The tiger is a unique animal which plays a pivotal role in the health and diversity of an ecosystem. It is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates in check, thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed. Therefore, the presence of tigers in the forest is an indicator of the well being of the ecosystem. The extinction of this top predator is an indication that its ecosystem is not sufficiently protected, and neither would it exist for long thereafter.
If the tigers go extinct, the entire system would collapse.For e.g. when the Dodos went extinct in Mauritius, one species of Acacia tree stopped regenerating completely. So when a species goes extinct, it leaves behind a scar, which affects the entire ecosystem. Another reason why we need to save the tiger is that our forests are water catchment areas.
Therefore, it’s not just about saving a beautiful animal. It is about making sure that we live a little longer as the forests are known to provide ecological services like clean air, water, pollination, temperature regulation etc.
SAVE TIGER ESSAY
Tiger is a national animal of India. It has a royal look, therefore, it has been declared as the national animal of the country. Tiger is a very strong and powerful animal known for its grace, power and agility.
It is an Asiatic Carnivorous Animal it has zoologically named as panther tiger. Tiger is found all over the world in various species and subspecies. Tiger is a violent animal and most beautiful animal on the planet. Tiger lives in dense forest but sometimes they come to the villages and residential areas in search food or this happens because of deforestation.
The Siberian tigers are found in cold places and Bengal tigers are found in a forest near the river, that’s why they are able to swim. In past days the tigers were hunted by the people for the various purpose including the illegal business of its body parts like skin, bones, teeth, nail, etc. it resulted in the massive decrease in the population of tigers all over India.
Tigers are found in other countries like Bangladesh, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, China, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Malaysia, Russia-Vietnam, Bhutan, etc.
Tiger is a carnivorous animal he hunts at night and sleeps in the daytime. Because of his powerful and strong body, he can jump up to the high, length almost 7ft and run for a long distance almost 85 km/h. tigers have black stripes on their blue, white or orange body make them really very attractive and beautiful. They have naturally strong jaws, teeth and sharp claws in order to grasp its prey from distance the long tail helps him to hunt the prey.
Tigers are 13 feet in length and 150 kg in weight. They can be easily recognized by the stripes on the upper body.
Tiger as a National Animal
Tiger was selected as a national animal of India by the government because of its power, strength and agility and also because of its nice names such as king of Jungle and Royal Bengal Tiger.
What is Project Tiger
The Project Tiger is a campaign run by the government of India to maintain the population of tiger in the country. This project was established in 1973 in order to save the tiger from the extreme threat of extinction. The main objective of this project to focus on the preservation of remaining tigers all over the country as well as to increase their numbers through the breeding of species.
To provide safety and natural environment around 23 tiger reserves have been made throughout the country. This is an improvement in the tiger population by 1993 in the country. However, despite the increasing population of tigers in the country is still not satisfactory as compared to the effort and money spent on this project.
It doesn’t matter what you are looking to do, creating an awareness is the first step. And this start is very important when the focus is to preserve the tigers. The efforts must be made to develop the attention to “save tigers” by making the leaflets, images, an advertisement for the cause on internet websites and the like. The main threats to the tiger’s life are deforestation means habitat loss and population fragmentation.