Dsca Mission Assignment Process Mapping

T-20 Administrative Funds
Budget
Policy
Handbook

20 July 2001

PREFACE

The Security Assistance Administrative Trust Fund (T-20) Budget Policy Handbook for SAOs is a comprehensive guide to the Security Assistance Organization (SAO) budget preparation and financial execution processes. It incorporates and supplements guidance contained in the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM) and other Department of Defense (DoD), joint service, military department, and Unified Command references.

This Handbook provides the unified commands, SAO chiefs, and SAO budget officers a compilation of budget-related concepts, definitions, policies, and procedures for the management of the Security Assistance Administrative Trust Fund (T-20) used to support SAO operations. This handbook supplements U.S. government directives, instructions, and manuals. The information contained herein is the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) policy and should be followed for the management of T-20 funds. In the event of conflicting guidance in other official sources, the SAO should consult with the unified command comptroller's office to ascertain the most current policy directive or interpretation.

This handbook also discusses briefly other sources of funds that the SAO chief may be responsible and accountable for. This is done with the intention to alert the SAO chief and budget officer that they will have to assure that the proper program funds are used for the accomplishment of the various taskings that are given to the SAO. The unified command or the executive agent for those programs will provide procedures for those program funds.

Any requests for clarification or suggestions for improvement should be addressed to the unified command's comptroller office. The unified command, in turn, should refer requests or suggestions to the DSCA, Resource ATTN: DSCA/Compt/RM), Washington, DC 20301-2800; DSN 664-6551, commercial number (703) 604-6551, FAX DSN 664-6536 or commercial number (703) 604-6536. Additional copies of this handbook may be requested from the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management (DISAM/DRP), 2335 Seventh Street, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433-7803; DSN 785-3196 or commercial number (937) 255-3196, FAX DSN 986-6485 commercial number (937) 656-4685.

CHAPTER 1 - Introduction

Purpose

Financial Management of the security assistance organization (SAO) is an important function. This chapter provides background information regarding the security assistance budget and general aspects of funds management that would apply to any military office of financial management. More specific information regarding the direct applications to security assistance funding will be covered in subsequent chapters.

Background

All security assistance officers have important responsibilities with regards to the budgeting for, control of, and utilization of funds provided for the execution of their security assistance (SA) mission. SAO Security assistance trust fund (T-20) budgets are based on operational mission requirements and personnel authorized to perform those tasks. Because of this, it is critical to be able to segregate the SA workload from the workload for operation and maintenance funds U.S. Forces (O&M) -funded positions in a specific country.

The Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (CPD) document (commonly referred to as the CPD) for security assistance programs is prepared annually; it specifies the projected SA programs for the forthcoming year. The SAO staffing levels and costs authorized from previous years and the projections and justifications for the next budget year are included in the CPD. This document accompanies the Executive Branch's proposed SA authorization legislation.

Prior to the preparation of the CPD, the DoD reviews the staffing requirements in conjunction with the Department of State, the chiefs of the U.S. diplomatic missions and regional commanders-in-Chief chief to ensure that SAOs are properly staffed to conduct their SA missions efficiently. The primary document used to validate the staffing is the Joint Manpower Program (JMP) document (including NSDD-38 approved changes not yet reflected in the JMP) for each SAO. DSCA and The State Department's Office of Regional Security and Arms Transfer Policy (PM/RSAT) and Defense Security Cooperation Agency are jointly responsible for the final consolidation and coordination of the data to be included in the CPD.

The CPD provides the detailed supporting documentation and justification, prepared by the administration in its justification to the Congress of the proposed annual U.S. SA program.

After receiving the CPD and the President's draft legislative proposal for an authorization/appropriation bill for the SA programs, the Congress will review the proposal and conduct hearings. Legislative enactment of the authorization and/appropriation bill completes the cycle. However, by this time, the succeeding year's' development cycle should already have been initiated.

General Principles

Fiduciary Responsibility

The SAO chief should be fully aware of the status of all aspects of financial resources for which that office is responsible. The SAO chief, similar to any unit commander's responsibility for managing a budget allotment, is administratively accountable and responsible for all assigned funds, including any over-obligation, over-expenditure, or misuse that may occur.

Larger SAOs may be authorized a position for a SAO fiscal and/Budget budget officer (officer, NCO, or civilian). Normally, this will be an additional duty of one of the assigned officers; the fiscal officer is the individual responsible to the SAO chief for the control of operating funds issued by the unified command. The fiscal officer should be appointed in writing, and copies should be provided to the unified command budget/Resource resource office.

Review of SAO budget functions, as well as other areas warranting sound internal control mechanisms, is included in the inspector general (IG) and other administrative assistance visits by the unified command.

Mission-Based Budget Planning

A critical element in financial management for a SAO is to determine which source of funds should be used for a particular function or activity. In the SA world there are different sources of funds with differing restrictions. (These will be addressed further in Chapter 2.) The source of the funds will make a difference in the nature of your responsibility in the overall accomplishment of your mission. The first step is to examine the mission and the assigned tasks of the organization to determine the most economical means by which they may be accomplished. This examination should review which program (Security Assistance, Counter Narcotics (CN), Partnership for Peace (PfP), Demining, Commanders-in-Chiefs Peacetime Engagement, etc.) should be responsible to provide the required budget support. Performance of the mission may be accomplished by any assigned member of the SAO regardless of the manpower billet this individual occupies;, however, the funds required to accomplished the mission must come from the appropriate funding source.

This determination will allow the SAO to prepare separate budget estimates setting forth as accurately as possible the funds requirements for accomplishing the different mission goals. It is also critical that the correct fund source is used, since incorrect fund use is a violation of law and could result in administrative or more severe adverse actions on the individuals concerned.

The preparation of an expenditure plan for utilization of funds authorized in response to the budget request is a part of the budget process. A plan is necessary to ensure that funds are made available when they are required. The unified command uses this plan to allocate funds as required on a quarterly basis. This plan will also assist the SAO to avoid over-commitments, over-obligations or, even worse, over-expenditures.

Unlike the traditional belief that, "If funds are not used during the fiscal year, next years funds will be decreased," SAO T-20 budgets are developed and supported based on realistic needs to meet the SAO's annual operational requirements. The previous year's budget serves as a starting point, but because requirements are continually changing, annual requirements are the principal determining factor.

Local Recording System

A local recording system is required to monitor the status and utilization of authorized funds to be able to account for these funds in accordance with the policies set forth in this handbook. In addition, these records will provide the basic justification needed for subsequent budgets. A plan for regular review of the local "memorandum accounting records", as well as selected official records maintained by the Authorized Accounting Activity (AAA), will help avert any major problems. If problems are identified, the SAO Chief should ensure that corrective action is promptly taken, including steps to prevent future recurrences. The security assistance Automated Resource Management Suite of Software Programs (SAARMS) budget preparation and budget execution programs provide the SAO with the capability to budget and informally account for funds from all program sources. Currently these are the only approved programs for managing your T-20 funds. The SAARMS property program provides an automated program for the SAO to manage property resources and provide information for budget preparation.

Training

It is crucial that all SAO employees working with the budget have adequate training to understand the importance of funds management, accountability, and the priority of funds control. Everyone involved in the SAO should have a basic knowledge of financial management and of the operation of the SAARMS software programs (discussed in Chapter 7).

The military services have basic courses for budget officers, including a fiscal law course, and DISAM provides training for SAARMS, both in residence and on-site. Additionally, training on the basic concepts of security assistance will assist the budget personnel in understanding how the system works and their role in the system.

Economy and Efficiency

SAOs are responsible for ensuring economical and efficient use of all of their resources. They must ensure that mechanisms are in place to assess the effectiveness of internal management control procedures related to accountability, record keeping, certification and the expenditure of funds. Additionally, they must ensure effective, efficient use of personnel and material resources.

Summary

The SAO chief should be directly involved in the development of the budget, including a review of proposed and on-going programs and the justification for them. Once the budget is approved, direct monitoring of the distribution and utilization of funds should be a regular practice. Internal management control procedures must be in place to evaluate the use of resources and correct potential financial trouble areas before they become unmanageable. In general, the SAO chief is responsible for the substance and validity of the SAO budget request, the costs that are actually incurred and charged against the available funds, and the resultant performance.

CHAPTER 2 - Types of Funds

Purpose

This chapter defines the different types of funding authority available and the general controls associated with their use. More detailed information on the utilization of funds is in Chapter 4. There are several types of funds available to the security assistance office (SAO). The program source of the funds directs how and the purposes for which the funds can be used, as well as controlling how they are used in support of the security assistance (SA) and peacetime engagement programs. Unfortunately, there are many different programs that make funds available for the activities conducted by the SAO. Each of these will have its own specific rules for their use and accountability.

Security Assistance Administrative Funds

Defense Security Cooperation Agency is responsible for directing the allocation of SA funds for the operating costs of SAOs based on the information provided in the SAO budgets. Since fiscal year 1983, the basic operating costs of SAOs have been financed using the foreign military dates (FMS) administrative account (account # 8242) as the carrier account.

  1. Security Assistance Trust Fund Administrative Funds:

    1. The security assistance trust fund administrative funds are for SA-related administrative costs. These funds are derived primarily from the FMS administrative surcharge that customers are charged on each FMS foreign military sales case.

  2. Foreign Military Financing (FMF) Administrative Funds:

    1. The second and lesser source of administrative funds for SA is the foreign military financing (FMF) administrative funds. These funds are appropriated as part of the overall FMF program in the annual foreign operations, export financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act. Once the office of management and budget (OMB) has apportioned these funds, they are passed to the SA trust fund. For the unified command and SAO purposes, the T-20 funds allotted make no distinction as to the amount of FMS administrative surcharge and FMF administrative funds provided. DFAS and DSCA provide the required departmental reporting on these funds.

SAO Operational Funds

Security Assistance Trust Fund Administrative Funds for the SA-related administrative costs of the unified command headquarters and the SAOs are designated as budget project T-20 funds.

SAO Representational Funds

SAO representation funds are resourced from the SA administrative funds and are included in the operating budget (T-20) for each SAO as a limitation authority.

These funds, which are used to maintain the prestige of the United States in a foreign community, have very strict controls and limitations. The fund ceiling is issued by DSCA to the unified command for each geographic area. The unified command sets a representation fund ceiling for each SAO in the approved annual funding program. Individual SAO representation fund ceilings are part of a worldwide ceiling established by law. Established ceilings assigned to the SAOs will not be exceeded unless authorized by the unified command.

Unified Command Administrative Funds.

Security assistance trust fund administrative funds for the SA-related operating costs for unified command headquarters' administrative expenses associated with both FMS and non-FMS segments of the security assistance program are called budget project T-20 funds. These are the funds allocated to the geographic unified commands for their operating expenses in support of the SAOs. These funds are not further allocated to the SAO, nor are they used for SAO operational requirements.

Figure 2-1, SAO Funding Authority Flow

Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Case Fund Citations

Special programs within a country can be supported directly through the use of FMS case funds. This means that the country has established a FMS case to fund the costs of a specific requirement. Some examples of case-funded activities are technical assistance field teams (TAFTs), mobile training teams (MTTs), mobile education teams (METs), or management lines on a FMS case for services, training or material.

The cost of the personnel associated with these teams, including the overhead expenses, will be charged directly to the FMS case. The proponent military service that has cognizance over the case manages these funds.

Case funds should be provided to the SAO to support the in-country expenses directly related to these cases. The SAO should be involved in the case preparation phase of the development of a FMS case by providing estimated in-country cost for deployed personnel. The CONUS case/program manager provides instructions for use of case funds in the case implementing directive or other specific instruction and ensures that these funds are cited on the travel orders of the members of the team. Case funds do not have to be requested from or monitored by DSCA, but applicable obligations/expenses under the local cognizance of the team commander may be tracked in security assistance automated resources management system (SAARMS) to perform memorandum accounting and financial reporting to the FMS case manager. The CONUS case manager, of course, is responsible for overall case financial tracking and reconciliation.

Another frequent use of case funds is temporary duty (TDY) associated with a particular program. The SAO personnel required to travel in support of a specific FMS program for a country, such as to attend a program management review (PMR) for an aircraft sale, may be authorized to use case funds. Case funds should be requested from the appropriate service case manager. Before such TDY orders are prepared by the SAO, a FMS case funds cite must be requested from, and approved by, the CONUS case/program manager responsible for that particular case. Only when they are not available, should T-20 funds be used. The SAOs are required to request permission of the unified command funds manager for use of SAO T-20 funds to support a FMS case.

SAOs must insure that costs supporting FMS cases and case personnel are charged to the case and not to the SAO's T-20 funds. This will require separate International Cooperative Administrative Support System (ICASS) agreements as well.

International Military Education And Training (IMET) I Fund Citation

Special programs within a country can be supported directly through the use of international military education and training (IMET) fund citation funds. This means that the country has established an IMET training line or lines to fund the costs of a specific requirement. Some examples of IMET funded activities are language training detachments (LTDs), mobile training teams (MTTs), mobile education teams (METs), lines for support and training materials.

The cost of the personnel associated with these teams, including the overhead expenses, will be charged to the service/country IMET program. The proponent service that has cognizance over the specific IMET line manages these funds.

Security assistance officers must insure that costs supporting IMET personnel are charged to the IMET program and not to the SAO's T-20 funds. This will require separate ICASS agreements as well.

Assistance in Kind

Assistance-in-kind (AIK) refers to the non-monetary support that a host government provides the SAO under bilateral agreements. This may include vehicles, office space, personnel, utilities and housing, among other things. While not a funded program, AIK must be annotated in the SAO budget submission. It must be taken into account because these functions, if they are valid requirements, may need to be funded should the AIK agreement be terminated.

Contributed Currencies

Contributed currencies are funds provided by the host government as a result of a bilateral agreement. The amounts of contributed currencies are identified in a special exhibit contained in the SAO budget submission, and although, by law they are not made available for expenditure by the SAO, they represent an offset to the total costs incurred for SAOs by U.S. government appropriated funds. Only a very few countries have contributed currencies.

Operation and Maintenance Appropriated Funds

Funds appropriated by congress through the program objective memorandum (POM) process for the support of the U.S. forces in the conduct of day-to-day operations may also be made available to the SAO for those non-SA requirements in which personnel, both SA and non-SA, assigned to the SAO may be engaged. These funds support personnel and operational costs in the same manner that T-20 funds support SA requirements. The O&M funds are managed in accordance with the cognizant Service (Executive Agent) directives and regulations, and procedures. The SAARMS Budget Execution Module can accommodate and provide memorandum accounting for these funds.

O&M funds are usually restricted to a specific use for a specific period of time and require separate tracking. Some examples are:

  • Operation & and Maintenance Appropriation (O&M) funds for Peacetime Engagement activities, specific non-SA functions or billets, e.g., defense cooperation programs, unified command representatives stationed in country, traditional commander-in-chiefs activities (TCA), and/or personnel exchange programs (PEPs).

  • Military service appropriations can be used for a few specific administrative and logistics functions as spelled out in AR 1-75/OPNAVINST 4900.31G/AFR 400-45. An example is for travel expenses for medical examinations required by the services.

  • Service appropriations and non-appropriated funds of the administrative agent may also be used for specific costs, such as the administrative and logistical support for non-security assistance billets, authorized and assigned to a SAO or morale, welfare, and recreation (MWR) support for the SAO members.

  • The executive agent will be the primary source for MWR material, supplies and support. T-20 funds may be used only when funds are not available from the executive agent, and DSCA has granted a waiver.

The SAO may be required to prepare budgets for these funds in addition to the SA T-20 budget. The SAARMS budget preparation module will accommodate these requirements as well.

Summary

It is important to know the sources of SAO funding to understand the proper application of costs. Each category of funds has restrictions. Proper management, accountability, and tracking of funds are critical to budget justifications.

CHAPTER 3 - The Budget Process

Previous chapters have delineated some of the general principles that apply to security assistance office (SAO), budgetary management and the various sources of funds that fund the SAO direct and indirect operating costs. This chapter describes the organizations and milestones associated with the SAO budget process.

Organizations Involved in the Budgetary Process:

Congress

Congress authorizes and appropriates certain funds used by SAOs, and only when they are not available, should Administrative Trust Fund funds be used. In particular, foreign military financing (FMF) administrative funds are one of the financing sources of budget project T-20 (unified command and security assistance office (SAO) operating expenses). The approved level of FMF administrative expenses is contained in the annual foreign operations appropriation, as is the expenditure limit on the use of representational funds. Moreover, the proposed budgetary and manning levels for SAOs are included as part of the Congressional Budget Justification (CBJ) and are subject to review by the Congress.

The Congress is also the appropriation source of operations and maintenance (O&M) funds for those SAOs with missions in areas other than SA, e.g., international cooperative programs (ICP).

Congress also approves the SA manpower authorization for each SAO through the CBJ process, including National Security Decision Directive (NSDD) 38 process approved changes made during the year.

Office of Management and Budget

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) assists the President in the preparation of the annual U.S. government budget and the formulation of the nation's fiscal policy. The OMB further controls the apportionment of appropriated funds for obligation and expenditure in support of SA activities. The OMB also publishes Circular A 11, which specifies the object class codes to be used by the executive branch. (See Appendix D.)

Department of State (DoS)

The Department of State (DoS) has statutory responsibility for SA policy. It has overall responsibility and authority for SA programs and determines what assistance will be provided or what sales or grants will be made to which countries or international organizations. In this regard, the DoS is the principal proponent of the CBJ (which is jointly prepared by DoS and DSCA).

SAO Budget Preparation and Execution

The Department of State is the cognizant executive department for the management of U.S. diplomatic missions; the SAO chief is generally being a member of the ambassador's country team structure. In addition, DoS is in charge of the financial service centers (FSCs) which make check payments for most embassies/SAOs or, in those cases where the embassy fiscal officer makes the check or cash payments, collect disbursement data relating to SAO budgetary obligations. The supporting FSC forwards all disbursing data to the interagency clearinghouse for further transfer to the appropriate DoD authorized accounting activity (AAA) that performs the SAO's official accounting function. DFAS-AYADS/DE is the AAA for T-20 funds.

Office of the Secretary of Defense

Military and civilian members are subject to DoD directives and regulations, such as policies relative to entitlements (e.g., dependent schooling, funded environmental morale leave (FEML)). Also, certain billets in some SAOs are funded from O&M accounts in support of programs of interest to Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD)/acquisition staff, (e.g., International Cooperative Programs (ICP)), and commander-in chief personnel performing peacetime engagement activities and military to military functions.

The DoD Comptroller promulgates financial policy directives and manuals, which must be followed by the service administrative agencies and Defense Accounting Offices (DFAS).

Joint Staff

The Joint Staff approves the Joint Manpower Plan (JMP), which reflects the authorized manpower billets at each SAO. The JMP for the unified command will include separate sections for the SA billets and the O&M billets. SAO JMP actions are coordinated with chief of the U.S. diplomatic mission (COM), the unified commands, JCS, and Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) prior to approval or modification via the National Security Decision Directive (NSDD) 38 process.

Defense Security Cooperation Agency

The DSCA is the focal point within DoD for policy and management oversight of the administration and implementation of SA programs by the services, Defense agencies, SAOs, unified commands, and the DSCA Comptroller, Resource Management Division, are responsible for reviewing and approving the annual T-20 budgets and for establishing policies associated with the administration of these funds. DSCA works directly with DoS in policy and reimbursement matters concerning the International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) agreements and security issues, which are used as the vehicle to provide embassy staff support to SAOs. An assistant secretary from the DoD Comptroller Office is a member of the ICASS executive board. A DSCA Resource Management Division representative serves on the ICASS Interagency Working Group.

DSCA publishes the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM), DoD 5105.38-M that contains broad policies concerning SAO budgets. DSCA is also the parent agency for the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management (DISAM), which is responsible for SAO education. DSCA Comptroller Office is the designated manager/office of primary responsibility for the Security Assistance Automated Resource Management Suite (SAARMS) policy and system requirements.

DSCA also publishes this directive, which promulgates financial management policy and procedures for the SA Trust Fund Administrative Funds used for SAO operations and by the unified commands.

Defense Finance and Accounting Service

Reporting to the DoD Comptroller, the Director, Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS), is responsible for the preparation and update of selected chapters within the Department of Defense Financial Management Regulation (DoD) 7000.14-R, Volume 15 Security Assistance Policy and Procedures. This volume is the basic reference for FMS pricing and accounting.

DFAS Denver Center, Deputate for Security Assistance (DFAS-AYADS/DE), is responsible for issuing accounting policy for T-20 funds and T-20 funding allocations to the unified commands (with the T-20 funding being further passed on to the SAOs by the unified command comptroller offices). DFAS-AYADS/DE is the authorized accounting activity (AAA) for T-20 funds and prepares and submits financial reports to DSCA, OMB, and treasury for all required SA program accounts. The DFAS-AYADS/DE Accounting Procedure Memorandums will be used as accounting policy for T-20 funds in lieu of the Administrative and Logistical Support of Overseas Security Assistance Organizations (AR 1-75/OPNAVINST 4900.31 GIAFR 400-45).

The Defense Accounting Offices, which function as the authorized accounting activities for other funds that may be provided to SAOs, report to director, DFAS.

Defense Civilian Personnel System

All pay for U.S. civilians assigned to the SAO is centrally paid by DCPS, Charleston. DFAS allots the funds to DCPS and receives reports, which are then provided to the SAOs. The SAO will set up a separate OA/FCA for U.S. civilian pay. This OA/FCA is for recording and management purposes only and will not be uploaded in the end-of-month uploads.

Military Services

The Services are designated as executive agencies for delegated SAO support functions on a regional basis. The Army has executive agency for U.S. European Command and U.S. Southern Command, the Navy for U.S. Pacific Command, and the Air Force for U.S. Central Command.

The Services also are the principal implementing agencies for FMS cases, and such cases may be a source of travel/temporary duty (TDY) funding for SAO members attending program management reviews.

Unified Commands

The commander-in-chief of each unified command commands the SAO in all matters that are not functions of the COM and also performs selected staff and administrative support functions, (e.g., judge advocate, comptroller/budget, automated data processing). The unified command comptroller's office or funding resource manager receives the annual budget call memorandum from DSCA. The unified command transmits the budget call to the SAOs within its area of responsibility (AOR) with any specific guidance. The proposed SAO budgets are, reviewed by the unified command prior to submission to DSCA. As the fiscal year (FY) begins, DSCA (through DFAS-AYADS/DE) allocates the T-20 funds to the unified command, with the SAOs receiving their T-20 budget execution authorities from the unified command.

The unified command serves as the principal point of assistance to the SAO, responding to questions as they arise and periodically sending staff assistance representatives, including Inspection General (IG) teams, to the SAOs. The unified commands perform the following SAO budget-related functions:

  • Implement fiscal management laws, policies, regulations, and directives.
  • Provide technical guidance and direction on financial matters.
  • Review budgetary performance against the budget execution/financial plan.
  • Evaluate, integrate, and validate funded and unfunded requirements.
  • Issue supplementary budget policy, preparation guidance, and procedures for budget submissions.
  • Consolidate and analyze AOR -- wide budget submissions.
  • Articulate and justify budget requirements to DSCA.
  • Coordinate budget and fiscal management actions with DSCA and SAOs.
  • Provide the first level of technical assistance to SAOs in the use of the SAARM.

Embassy

The ambassador (COM) is in charge of the country team and sets local policies that apply to all in-country offices, including SAOs.

The embassy fiscal officer will provide support to the SAO in accordance with the terms of the ICASS agreement. Under ICASS, the embassy fiscal officer may disburse funds for SAO obligations, or request that the supporting FSC make the disbursement. All disbursements are reported to the State FSC, which, in turn, requests reimbursement from DFAS-AYADS/DE.

The embassy may also provide contracting officer services to the SAO for contracts negotiated on behalf of the SAO, unless the SAO has a contracting officer authorized and assigned.

Security Assistance Organizations

The security assistance organization (SAO) chief is responsible for the overall management of the SAO budget, including its preparation and execution, all the while observing the requisite internal management controls. This includes the utilization of SAARMS software programs. The budget preparation module is the tool for the preparation of the SAO budget. The budget execution module is the automated tool for "memorandum accounting" at the SAO level. The budget execution module is used to provide feeder data and reports to the parent unified command and DFAS-AYADS/DE (For T-20 funds), or the appropriate AAA or for O&M funds. The SAO should perform the following budget -- related functions:

  • Budget for requirements to support the directed missions based on the funding source.

  • Maintain (1) internal memorandum financial records generated by the budget execution module, which are considered to be official records; and (2) official financial and accounting records which are generated by the SAO embassy, or supporting AAA.

  • T-20 records must be maintained by the SAO for of five years, after which, they will then be transferred to the designated permanent records holding area.

  • O&M financial records and files will be maintained by the SAO until such time as competent authority directs otherwise.

  • Reconcile (1) current year fiscal official financial and accounting reports throughout the FY; the volume of expenditures dictates the frequency of review and (2) prior year official financial and accounting reports throughout the fiscal year and report results to the unified command and DFAS-AYADS/DE.

  • The Budget Execution program provides the capability to reconcile the data recorded at DFAS-AYADS/DE with that contained in the SAO program. It will provide reports where there are differences, and the SAO must then research the files and records both in and appropriates certain funds used by SAOs. The SAO and the embassy budget and fiscal office attempt to resolve the differences.

  • Establish separate funds management controls for direct operating (T-20) funds, and indirect operating (T-20) funds, ICASS costs, security costs, and C-12 aircraft flying hours costs to prevent over -- obligation, assure propriety of use of funds, and identify excess funds for timely turn-in.

  • Maintain separate records and accounts (within budget execution module) for each source of funds, e.g., T-20, O&M, and defense cooperation in armaments (DCA).

  • Maintain records for representation funds, which may not be commingled or redistributed among other management categories. These records may include perpetual inventories of consumable and expendable items purchased for representational purposes.

  • Maintain separate records for AIK support and provide associated documentation to the unified command upon request or when new agreements/actions are initiated.

  • Ensure that obligation authority and fund cite authority have been allocated and are available before creating obligations.

  • Review and report status of funds via the SAN web using the reports generated by the budget execution module and ISAARMS module on the SAN web monthly to DFAS-AYADS/DE and the unified command. Identify funds excess to the SAO's needs and report to the unified command as soon as known, but not later than 1 August of the budget execution year.

  • Review funding requirements for consistency with established policy and mission priorities and ensure resources are sufficient to support "must pay" requirements. "Must pay" requirements are required to be paid by law (e.g., dependent education, FEW civilian pay, and signed contracts). The SAO chief must make decisions on discretionary requirements when funds are limited. Unfunded requirements (UFRs) or funding for assigned tasks that exceed the SAO's authorized level of funding will be submitted to the unified command for consideration.

  • Ensure that all ICASS agreements and associated charges are reviewed quarterly to verify that the service provided met the agreement with the ICASS council and the billing is accurate and reasonable in accordance with the post ICASS council charter and agreements. Ensure FMS case-funded and O&M funded personnel are supported through separate ICASS agreements. The SAO may be responsible for several agreements.

  • Manage requirements effectively within established funding ceilings, policy, and guidelines.

  • Justify and prioritize requests for additional resources and UFRs during the budget preparation process and in time of need.

  • Forecast new requirements, refine recurring requirements, and delete one-time items purchased in the previous year during the budget preparation process.

  • Plan to generate all appropriate obligations for end-of-year prior to August 15, which is the normal cut-off time established by the embassies. Obligations required after this date must be managed within the emergency exception policies established by the embassy for those obligations that are processed through the embassy budget and fiscal office.

  • The unified command IMPAC card should be used wherever possible to reduce ICASS charges. It is not affected by the embassy end-of-year policies, but by those established by the unified command.

Budget Approval Cycle

Budget Call

During the first quarter of the calendar year, the DSCA/Compt/RM will prepare and release the annual SAO budget call for the President's budget. This budget call memorandum, which contains specific guidance and instructions relative to the preparation of the budget, is sent to the unified commands. The unified commands and the SAOs are expected to stay within prescribed budget funding targets, with full justification being required for exceptional circumstances that might warrant any requested increase above the target. The unified commands transmit the budget call, along with any unified command -- specific instructions, to the SAOs.

Budget Preparation

The SAARMS budget preparation module will be used to prepare the SAO budget. The budget preparation module will provide the data files and appropriate reports to the unified command. In determining its budgetary projections, the SAO must be sensitive to any future changes, (in manpower levels, etc.) which will have an impact on the budget data. Equally important, the SAO must return its completed budget package to the unified command by the prescribed suspense date.

The SAARMS budget preparation module incorporates the data input into the required data to be forwarded to the unified command and will also incorporate prior year historical data.

Budget Review and Approval

The unified command collects the budget inputs from the SAOs and consolidates the data for unified command submission to DSCA.

SAO budgets may be modified up or down, and some UFRs may be funded prior to submission of the package to DSCA. The unified command will provide SAOs with updated budget data and targets.

DSCA consolidates the worldwide SAO budgets. In this second command-level review process, SAO budget levels may again be adjusted.

Next, the SAO T-20 budgetary levels and FMF administrative fund requirements are entered into the CBJ and President's budget draft documents, which are reviewed by DoS and the OMB. The OMB, in representing the President's guidance and priorities, can direct changes to be made as well. Almost one year from the time the initial DSCA budget call was issued, the official CBJ, the President's budget, and other supporting documents are transmitted to Congress. The cognizant congressional committees begin the hearings, mark-up, and House-Senate reconciliation processes which lead to a bill being passed. The foreign military financing (FMF) portion of the T-20 budget is limited by the specific FMF appropriation and, in recent years, the Congress has also set an overall ceiling on the FMS trust fund administrative budget obligations during the fiscal year.

Budget Execution Cycle

Allocation and Allotment

When DSCA has completed its review of the T-20 budget submissions, it issues memoranda to each unified command documenting the results of the budget review. The memorandum provides an approved annual funding program (AFP) for the current budget execution year and budget planning level amount for the budget year request about to be included in the President's budget submission.

Based upon the approved annual funding programs, DSCA issues a request to DFAS-AYADS/DE to issue a FMS administrative fund allocation of budget authority for the first quarter requirements for SAO operating expenses to the unified commands. In turn, DFAS-AYADS/DE sends a fund certification authority (FCA) to the unified commands allocating FMS administrative fund obligation and expenditure authority in amounts matched to the DSCA authority. The unified commands, in turn, sub-allocates funding received from DFAS Denver and issues FCA documents to the SAOs. This funding allocation provides SAOs with the authority to obligate and authorize the expenditure of funds for all of their local operating costs. This authority is issued on a quarterly basis.

Processing Transactions

The SAO enters the obligation authority, generates obligations, and record payments (expenditures) into the SAARMS budget execution module. In this regard, it is important to note that SAARMS is a "memorandum accounting system," which provides reports to the official accounting system. The budget execution module provides a means by which the SAO chief can maintain financial control with the posting/processing of estimated transaction amounts. However, the Authorized Accounting Activity (AAA) and Defense Accounting Office maintains the official accounting records. DFAS-AYADS/DE is the AAA for T-20 funds.

When processing transactions, the key to reconciliation is document number and accounting classification integrity. In effect, the document number (and accounting classification/fund citation for purchase requests or services) must be perpetuated throughout the financial phases of a transaction (i.e., from commitment and obligation to expenditure and disbursement). This principle must be conveyed to the embassy fiscal officer and general services officer (GSO), since the embassy submits expenditure data to the Foreign Commercial Service (FSC). Otherwise, if the embassy is reassigning its own document numbers without cross reference to (and perpetuation of) each of the initial SAO obligation document numbers, subsequent matching and reconciliation of obligation and expenditure transactions is impossible. The SAO is responsible for reconciling transactions to the extent possible (i.e., providing the AAA/Defense Accounting Office supporting data and documents to facilitate the matching of expenditures to obligations and updating SAARMS memorandum records accordingly).

Status of Funds Report

The SAARMS budget execution module automatically generates a status of funds report. This report shows, by budget management category/object class, the cumulative obligations and associated percentages of obligations by budget category. It reflects the percentage of deviation of the actual versus the planned totals. This is a valuable tool for the SAO chief, the unified command, and DFAS-AYADS/DE in tracking the SAO's spending profile as the budget year progresses. This report shows the status of funds as of the time it is generated.

Summary

The SAO budget process starts with a budget call from DSCA, which is transmitted to the SAO by the unified command. In preparing its budget, the SAO uses the SAARMS budget preparation module. Once the unified command and DSCA have reviewed and approved the SAO's budget and, following the congressional budget cycle and enactment of the requisite legislation, DSCA releases quarterly allocations to DFAS-AYADS/DE and an annual funding program to the unified command. The unified command, in turn, transmits budget execution authority to the SAO on a quarterly basis.

Upon commencement of the execution cycle, the SAO uses the SAARMS budget execution module to "load" its budget limitation categories and proceeds to record transactions (i.e., commitments, obligations, and expenditures) as they occur. A necessary part of the execution process is the reconciliation of outstanding or unmatched transactions so that the AAA and Defense Accounting Offices records are as accurate and current as possible.

CHAPTER 4 - Utilization of Funds

Purpose

This chapter addresses the special policies and rules that apply to budget sources and object classes. These policies have been adopted to comply with sound fiscal management practices and to standardize the worldwide community of SAOs. SAO chiefs and budget officers must follow these policies unless appropriate authority has granted an exception. The unified command and DSCA are first in the chain of command to ascertain if exceptions have been granted and by whom for the SAOs.

General Policies

Request for Policy Clarification or Exceptions

Clarification as to policies contained in this handbook (or in the annual Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) budget call or any separate policy memoranda/messages), including requests for exceptions, should be forwarded by the Security Assistance Office (SAO) to the unified command comptroller's/funding resource manager's office. The unified command will screen and respond to inquiries where the policy is understood and the DSCA position is already known. Policy exception requests warranting further consideration will be referred by the unified command to the DSCA/Compt/RM for resolution.

Workload Distribution by Functional Area

The SAO, foreign military dales (FMS) and foreign military finance (FMF) administrative budget funds (collectively known as T-20 funds) should only be used for recognized SA-related functions. The SAO authorized staffing has used the workload distribution to develop the SA security assistance (SA) versus O&M portions of the joint manpower plan (JMP) for the SAO. Conversely, performance or support of missions beyond the scope of the defined SA-related functional areas must be financed from the appropriate benefiting appropriation. For example, non-SA missions that support the unified command (e.g., exercises and unified command logistics agreements offices (LAO), and other peacetime engagement activities) would be funded from O&M or other funds made available to the respective unified command.

Each SAO is required to submit as part of its budget data submission SAO workload data. The budget preparation module provides reports for DSCA and the unified command from this data. These reports show the percentage distribution of the organization's workload among SA and non-SA functions by fiscal year (FY). This data is used by DSCA to determine the amount of worldwide SAO funding which should come from each of the two SA sources cited previously. The data may also indicate whether or not Department of Defense (DoD) funds are required at particular SAOs based on the amount non-SA operational requirements (e.g., defense cooperation in armaments activity, ship visits, TCA, or other military-to-military activities).

Disposition of SA-Funded Equipment

Redistribution.

If an SAO is scheduled to close or downsize the SA mission or otherwise no longer has use for equipment in good condition, the SAO should contact the unified command to ascertain if the equipment should be redistributed to another SAO location.

Proceeds from Sale Disposal

If redistribution action to another T-20 account is not appropriate, and sale or transfer disposes of the SAO equipment, the proper fund cite must be shown when depositing the funds received. The proper funds cite is that of the funds monies that were used to finance the acquisition of the specific equipment item. These fund cites are:

  • Military Assistance Program (MAP) -- financed equipment: use 11(?) 1082, where the "?" identifies the last number digit of the current fiscal year, e.g.,"1" for fiscal year 2001.

  • FMS T-20 -- financed equipment: use 978242.0009 00 XQ? S843000. The symbols "XS?" are defined as:

    1. "X" denotes proceeds from the sale of surplus personal property.

    2. "Q" identifies DSCA as the implementing agency that issues the FMS administrative funds.

    3. "?" Identifies the FY: This symbol should be replaced with the last numeric digit of the fiscal year, i.e., 1 for FY01

Transfer of Trust Fund (T-20) Acquired Property to O & M Activities.

Property of an SAO that was acquired through T-20 funding may be transferred to O&M accounts when realignment of SAO functions occur because of changes in mission. Fair market value is the criteria for the transfer value, and proceeds should be returned to the trust fund. SAOs and unified command will coordinate with DSCA to determine if the gaining activity will be required to reimburse the trust fund for the equipment.

O&M and Other Appropriation Financed Equipment

Contact the unified command or executive agent for guidance for the procedures and proper fund cite.

Method of Funding

The SAO budget and budget execution is prepared and implemented based on how the obligation authority is distributed.

  1. Direct Charges are those object class requirements that will have the obligational authority provided to the SAO for budget execution.
  2. Indirect Charges are those requirements identified by the SAO in a separate portion of the budget preparation; the funding will be retained by DSCA and all bills will be paid by DSCA. The SAO still initiates action to fulfill these requirements, (e.g., security charges, C-12 operation, ICASS).

Specific Policies for Direct Costs

Automated Data Processing (ADP) Support

?

Centralized Funding & Procurement

When feasible, DSCA will authorize centralized funding and procurement for ADP equipment when buys of sufficient quantity are required. This may include centralized buys for an individual unified command.

The unified commands will submit their ADP requirements with their budgets. DSCA/CIO will validate the requirements, and the appropriate activity will be directed to procure centrally those items when it is determined to be economically feasible to do so. DSCA will pass all others back to the unified commands for local purchase. Normally the central purchase will be limited to CPUs, and monitors (including the keyboard and mouse).

Minimum Specifications

Procurement of equipment and supplies to satisfy all microcomputer needs, including the needs of the Security Assistance Network (SAN), must adhere to the guidance in the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM), Section 1504 (as updated by any interim memorandum or message changes). A table in this SAMM section lists minimum equipment specifications when ordering additional or replacement automated data processing (ADP) equipment. Deviations must be coordinated through the unified command and approved by the DSCA process analysis integration division (DSCA/COMPT/PAID).

The unified command will determine the method of access to the internet that the SAOs will use. It may be a unified command system or a local Internet service provider (ISP).

Tempest Equipment

For SAOs located in selected embassy or other highly secure spaces, local policy may require the utilization of "tempest approved" equipment. Due to the increased cost, DSCA will normally only fund such equipment when its need is sufficiently justified, and it is a universal requirement for other offices on site. The SAO will utilize non- "tempest approved" equipment that complies with the minimum specifications in the SAMM, Section 1504, for all offices at an embassy where the "tempest approved" requirement does not apply.

Depreciation and Replacement

Funding for ADP equipment, operations, and maintenance shall be a routine part of the SAO budget process. ADP equipment replacements should be allocated among future budget years based on depreciation schedules. Expectations that all or the majority of the organization's ADP equipment can be replaced in a given year based on "fall-out" funds are unrealistic. SAOs should follow the depreciation schedule established by the DSCA/CIO. ADP equipment items will normally be depreciated on a three-year basis. However, equipment items should be retained longer if they are in good operating condition and compatible with existing SAN or other ADP computer programs or as directed by the unified command or DSCA.

Education of Dependents

Basic Guidance

Education of dependents is a "must-pay" requirement in the budget execution process. The unified command will issue guidelines on dependent tuition rates in conjunction with the budget call. The following general guidelines apply:

  • Budget data will reflect only educational costs for dependents of SAO (T-20) funded billets and will not exceed the rates paid by Department of State for that location.

  • Dormitory costs are allocable only for students who must attend school at a location other than their sponsor's assigned duty station.

  • For non-DoD operated schools, SA funding support is limited to the Department of State Standardized Regulation (DSSR) allowance for dependent education at post rate for schools located within commuting distance of the sponsor's duty station or the "away from post rate" for dormitory schools. The DSSR "away from post rate" covers tuition costs, room and board, and three trips between the post and nearest foreign locality where an adequate school is available. Costs exceeding the DSSR rates will not be supplemented with SA operating costs.

Budgeting & Reporting Costs

  • For DoD-operated schools, costs will be paid on a semester basis. Funds for the first semester will be budgeted for in the current FY (prior to 30 Sep). Funds for the second semester of the same school year will be charged to the subsequent FY.

  • For non-DoD schools, costs will be paid on a semester basis unless the school requires a full-year or other tuition payment plan. If an alternative (other than semester) payment plan is used, budget for the FY funds when payment(s) is projected. Ensure the non-DoD school's written request for payment of full tuition or other variation from the equal semester payment plan is kept on file at the SAO.

  • Transportation costs associated with transporting student(s) to and from school must be identified on the detailed portion of each year's budget format.

Dependent Education Travel.

Command-sponsored dependents attending high school away from the sponsor's duty station are entitled to three round trips per year to the sponsor's duty location (e.g., London Central High School students). Command-sponsored dependents that are authorized to attend high school or college in Continental United States (CONUS) are entitled to one round trip per year to the sponsor's duty location. This entitlement includes one 250-pound unaccompanied baggage allowance annually and CONUS storage costs of up to 350 pounds. (See Joint Travel Regulation, Chapter 7.)

Funded Environmental and Morale Leave

Funded Environmental and Morale Leave (FEML) Entitlement.

The FEML program authorizes transportation or reimbursement for such transportation to an authorized FEML destination from the SAO permanent duty site of the SAO military member and his command-sponsored dependents that are assigned to a FEML-authorized duty location. They are entitled to one trip during a two-year tour and two trips during a three-year tour. Generally, a member may not perform FEML travel within six months of the beginning or end of a tour. Dependents must be command-sponsored, but may travel unaccompanied by the SAO member. DoD civilians with a transportation agreement are authorized home leave in accordance with civilian personnel regulations.

FEML duty locations and destinations are recertified biennially by the unified command and approved by Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). The DoD Joint Federal Travel Regulations, Part S, identify the approved FEML countries and their designated destinations.

An SAO not currently authorized FEML may request its permanent duty location be designated as a FEML location by submitting appropriate justification through their unified command to OSD. DSCA is included in the coordination process for such requests during the OSD staffing process, since FEML transportation costs for SAO members are paid with SAO operating budget (T-20) funds.

  • Space-Available (No Cost) Transportation. Space-available transportation at no cost to the government will be used if available. However, if unavailable, commercial air carriers are authorized if travel costs have been budgeted within the SAO's T-20 budget.

  • Transportation Cost Limitation. Members and command-sponsored dependents may travel from the FEML duty location to other than the designated FEML destination and/or from other than the designated FEML destination to the FEML duty location. However, the total transportation cost to the government must not exceed the cost that would have been incurred if the member or dependents had traveled to and/or from the designated FEML destination, as appropriate.

Household Furnishings and Appliances

Household furnishings and appliances may be approved for purchase for use in SAO members' quarters when local conditions justify such purchases and for representational requirements for the SAO chief.

Housing -- Rental/Leases-OHA and Government Leased

Basic Policy. DSCA policy is to allow the unified command to determine whether government-leased housing or private leasing using the Overseas Housing Allowance is appropriate based on conditions in individual countries.

Government-Leased Housing (GLH). DSCA will support and fund GLH for SAO security assistance personnel when approved by the unified command. SAOs request GLH through their unified command. DSCA approval and SA funding for GLH can only support SA personnel. Leases for non-SA funded personnel assigned to SAOs must be approved/funded by the unified command.

All requests for new leases and for renewal of existing leases that exceed $25,000, to include utility costs, must be reviewed and approved by the unified command after review and approval by the Embassy Inter-Agency Housing Board. The SAO chief may approve lease replacements and lease renewals under $25,000 for SAO members provided that the embassy regional security office (RSO) and general services officer (GSO) concur with the terms, conditions, and location of the leased quarters.

The unified command must approve the chief's quarters and must have the RSO and GSO endorsement. If a waiver to the space standards is required, this, too, should be obtained from the Department of State before submitting a request for approval to the unified command. Funds for new replacement leases or renewals should be programmed in advance and included in the FY budget submissions. Additional new leases should be separately identified and justified as an unfunded request. Requests for lease replacements or renewals which exceed the $25,000 cost threshold should reach the unified command sufficiently in advance of the renewal or start date to provide adequate time for review and approval before signing the lease. Lease requests forwarded to the unified command should include the following information:

  • Name, rank, and position of the individual
  • Whether the individual is the U.S. defense representative
  • Number of official dependents who will reside at post
  • Number of official dependents who will reside away from post (dependents who reside at post less than 50% percent of the year)
  • Rotation date
  • Whether it is a new lease, replacement lease, or lease renewal
  • Lease terms
  • Description of property
  • Address of property
  • Net square footage of property
  • Distance from normal work site
  • Annual rent (in U.S. Dollars)
  • Annual estimated utility costs (in U.S. Dollars)
  • Annual estimated maintenance costs (in U.S. Dollars)
  • Estimated move in/out cost
  • Other associated lease costs not described above
  • Whether the inter-agency board has approved
  • Whether a waiver has been obtained from the Department of State on the space standards (If lease exceeds A-171 space standards)
  • Whether the RSO has inspected and approved the property
  • Security improvements needed/cost
  • Whether the unified command approves of the lease
  • Whether T-20 funds are available within the unified command/SAO budget to cover lease costs
  • Justification

Each SAO should complete the applicable budget data to identify housing arrangements and total lease costs for authorized personnel.

Language Training

  • SAO Personnel.

    It is the Service's responsibility to assign language-qualified personnel to SAO duty as specified in the joint manpower plan (JMP). In 1990 DSCA developed the Tailored Training Approach to resolve the systemic problems associated with preparatory training for SA personnel. Furthermore, DSCA reviews all nominations for SAO chiefs. Unified commands should make sure the services assign only language-qualified personnel to SAO positions that require such expertise. Preparatory training for a SA assignment, when the individual must attend language school may take eighteen months or more. In these instances, replacements should be requested at least two years in advance.

    There may be occasions when SAO personnel without appropriate language skills are assigned in country, and it is subsequently determined that language skills are necessary. In such instances, every effort should be made to obtain funding for language training from the applicable military department. Advance approval from both the unified command and DSCA is necessary before using SAO operating (T-20) funds for language training. However, T-20 funds may be used to purchase language-training materials for use by all SAO personnel for refresher training.

  • Spouses

    The SAO operating (T-20) funds may not be used to pay for language training of spouses. Spouses are encouraged to attend language training with their sponsor prior to arrival in country. Spouses may enroll in language training at the Defense Language Institute on a space-available basis. Upon arrival in country, spouses may attend language training offered by the embassy, if provided at no charge.

Property Authorization and Repair/Replacement

  • Authorization.

    Vehicles and equipment should be authorized on the joint table of allowances (JTA), the applicable Army common tables of allowance (CTA), the applicable Air Force Tables of Allowance (TA), or other approved documents, including unified command-approved authorizations. Although funds are requested in a budget object class (e.g., other equipment), this does not grant SAOs the authority to requisition or procure equipment items in the absence of the associated property authorization document.

  • Consider Repairing before Replacing.

    For vehicles and equipment items be replaced, the SAO must include a narrative statement (in the appropriate object class data) that includes the reasons for replacement and why it is not economically feasible to repair the items. For example, if an electrical appliance can have a motor replaced or if furniture can be re-upholstered or refinished locally, the motor or upholstery fabric and repair should be purchased locally instead of purchasing a complete end item.

Representational Funds

  • General Guidance.

    SAO representation funds will be used to maintain the standing and prestige of the United States by extending official courtesies to certain dignitaries and officials of the U.S. and foreign countries. The SAO chief may obligate representation funds only for official entertainment or other official purposes authorized in DoD Directive 7250.13, Official Representation Funds. Department of State Department guidance and policy on the use, accounting, and prohibitions for representation funds are in the Foreign Affairs Manual.

    Exceptions must specifically be approved in advance by the-unified command and DSCA. All official entertainment must be in keeping with propriety as dictated by the occasion and, in all instances, must be conducted on a modest basis.

  • Fund Limitations.

    DSCA will issue target ceilings to each unified command, which cannot be exceeded. The unified command will issue target ceilings to the respective SAOs. These ceilings cannot be exceeded without advance approval of the unified command. These funds are limitations in law for representational purposes and may not be used for other requirements, nor can other T-20 funds be used by the SAO to increase the ceiling.

    While DoD Directive 1100.12 establishes special command positions (four star/equivalent), which are entitled to amenities commensurate with the required level of official entertaining, including special allowances for table linens, china, etc, no SAO positions were included in this directive. Another reference is paragraph (a) of 10 U.S. Code 2387, which precludes the purchase of china, linens, kitchen utensils, etc.

  • Budget Preparation.

    The unified command total annual representation fund ceiling is identified in the approved AFP. This fund ceiling is issued by DSCA. Individual SAO representation fund ceilings issued by the unified command are part of the worldwide ceiling established by law. The unified command ceiling may not be exceeded without the express permission of DSCA. Funds for representation costs will be included in the operating budget request for each SAO.

Vehicles

  • Armoring.

    Vehicles requiring and armoring and other special security measures may only be procured from the DoS or/DoD-approved companies.

  • Budget Planning.

    DSCA is committed to providing adequate vehicle support; to include normal passenger and non-passenger vehicles, light armored vehicles, or heavy armored vehicles. Depending on the unified command, vehicle procurement can take from six months to two years.

    Thus, SAOs should plan; program, and budget for vehicles through their annual budget requests at least two years out to take into account the long lead-times needed to receive vehicles.

  • Depreciation.

    SAOs should follow the depreciation schedule of the Executive Agent for each AOR, as modified by the unified command. In the absence of explicit depreciation guidance, the standard depreciation schedule for vehicles will be based on seven years or 90,000 miles. (See DoD 4500.36R.)

Procurement Policy

"Buy American" Acquisition Rules. As noted in AR 1-75/OPNAVINST 4900.31/AFR 400-45, SAOs must consider the following when purchasing or leasing a vehicle:

  • SAO administrative funds will not be used to finance the purchase, sale, long-term lease, exchange, or guarantee of a sale of motor vehicles unless these vehicles are manufactured in the U.S. Requests, with full justification for exception to this policy for security reasons only, should be submitted through the unified command to DSCA for approval. This approval must be obtained prior to initiating any procurement actions.

  • Armored vehicles will be purchased from approved sources only. Repairs to the armored parts of the vehicle will be performed only by authorized sources. Armored vehicles will be demilitarized prior to disposal. If demilitarization is not feasible (e.g., heavy armored vehicles), disposition of the vehicle must be accomplished through U.S. military channels.

Emergency Replacement.

When there is a requirement for an un-programmed replacement, (e.g. accident, theft, fire, etc.) the SAO will submit an unfunded requirement to the unified command if it cannot be funded from within the SAO budget.

Domicile-to-Duty Transportation (DTDT).

Only the unified command or higher authority can only authorize DTDT. The COM does not have this authority for SAO members. (See DoD 4500.36-R.)

Specific Policies for Indirect Costs

Aircraft (C-12) Flying Hours

General Guidance. As noted in the SAMM, Section 130304, dedicated C-12 aircraft have been assigned to selected countries. The primary mission of the dedicated C-12 aircraft is to support SAO program management. There is no legal basis to use SAO SA administrative (T-20) funds for C-12 flights for other than SA management purposes.

However, other missions may be flown when they do not have an adverse impact on the SA mission and when they are reimbursed. SAOs with C-12 aircraft must also abide by the policies in the aforementioned SAMM section.

Budget Preparation

The proposed current year and budget year flying hour programs must be justified by presenting detailed information in support of the total hours requested in the following four categories:

  1. Security Assistance Missions. Include those hours flown for SAO responsibilities as outlined in the following statutory sources:

    • The Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961, as amended, Section 515, Overseas Management of Assistance and Sales Programs.
    • The Arms Export Control Act (AECA), as amended -- normal administrative support related to sales of defense articles or services.
    • Provide the number of flights by destination, flying hours, and purpose of the flight. Annotate flights requiring the aircraft to be flown out of the country.
  2. Maintenance. Include those hours, which are flown while the aircraft is in a maintenance status or flown round trip to obtain maintenance. An explanation should be provided to distinguish whether the hours are associated with routine maintenance or scheduled major maintenance.

  3. Training. This category should include instructor pilot training, proficiency training, or other flying training.

  4. Other missions (reimbursable). Other missions are those flown for non-SA activities and missions that provide support to personnel (TDY, mobile training team (MTT), Mobile education team (MET), technical assistance field team (TAFT)) whose transportation costs are funded by a specific FMS case. Examples of non-SA flights are disaster relief, exercises, visitors on non-SA business, and support of the U.S. embassy. Provide the same information for the number of flights, etc., as outlined above. Insure that the non-SA flying hours are separately identified in the Current Year and the Budget Year and are coordinated with the applicable organizations.

Flying Hours Reductions (Note for Unified Command):

Reductions to flying hours/costs may not be realigned to other cost categories in the budget development; a direct reduction to the total target level is required. Flying hours may be realigned among countries; however, an unfunded request may not be submitted for additional hours for a country where the unified command has reduced below the DSCA-approved level.

Antiterrorism/Force Protection

The Department of State is responsible for security of DoD personnel assigned to U.S. diplomatic missions abroad in accordance with the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 unless the unified command has assumed the responsibility through a Memorandum of Understanding signed by the ambassador (COM) and the commander-in-chiefs (CINC). Security equipment, including residential security upgrades, is considered a State Department funding responsibility. DSCA will work with the unified commands, SAOs, and State Department to provide the necessary funding to provide adequate protection for the SAOs in those instances where the State Department cannot provide funding. When funds are not available at the unified command, the request should be forwarded to DSCA.

Within the budget submission, the explanation for physical security upgrades should identify the item and whether it is for the office or a residence. This justification will include a statement from the region security office (RSO) that the upgrades are valid requirements. If local guard services are for other than residences, this must be explained.

Assistance-In-Kind (AIK)

Assistance-in-Kind (AIK), that is provided by the host country will be entered in the special exhibit section under the category AIK in the SAARMS budget preparation module. The data will be entered in the various object class entries in the same manner as for T-20. Estimates of cost for these services supplied by the host country should be based on what it would cost if the SAO had to budget for them from T-20 funds.

Consecutive Overseas Tour Leave

An SAO member and command-sponsored dependents that are entitled to consecutive overseas tour consecutive overseas tour (COT) or in-place consecutive overseas tour (IPCOT) leave will have their transportation and per diem funded as follows:

  • For leave taken under the provisions of COT, service funds will be used whenever new permanent change of duty station (PCS) orders are issued, and the permanent change of duty station (PCS) is made

  • For leave taken under the provisions of IPCOT, service funds should be used when the member stays at the current duty station and no PCS move occurs. To obtain the required fund cite, the SAO should submit a message to the unified command with the names of travelers and their relationship to the sponsor, dates of travel, estimated costs of transportation and per diem, and destination.

Emergency Evacuation

In those exceptional situations where emergency evacuation of dependents and sponsors are directed, state and/or the unified command will provide specific instructions.

Emergency Leave

Authorization for SAO Military Members. T-20 funded SAO military members and command-sponsored dependents granted emergency leave by the SAO Chief are authorized round-trip commercial transportation at T-20 expense, provided government transportation is not reasonably available to the Continental United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, or U.S. possessions per AR 1-75/OPNAVINST 4900.31/AFR 400-45. In accordance with the Joint Federal Travel Regulations, Volumes I and II, the cost of commercial transportation authorized will not exceed the cost of government-procured commercial air travel from the international airport nearest the location of the member upon notification of the emergency or the location of the SAO member's permanent duty station to the international airport in CONUS to which a scheduled flight is available that is closest to:

  • The international airport from which the SAO member departed., or

  • An airport in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, a U.S. possession, or any other location outside of CONUS as determined by the service secretary, or designated representative, when authorized emergency leave.

There is no requirement to have a direct flight to the authorized airport, whether it is to the international airport nearest the location where the member was notified or to the international airport nearest the member's permanent duty station. Round trip transportation between overseas areas where there is an air mobility command (AMC) airlift service industrial fund (ASIF) is also authorized.

SAO U.S. Civilian Members and Dependents.

T-20 funded U.S. civilians and their dependents, when bona fide immediate family emergencies arise may use ASIF channel aircraft on a space-required basis. They will pay the transportation cost at the U.S. government rate tariff to AMC in accordance with AFR 76-11. These individuals also have an option to travel on a non-reimbursable, space-available basis on DoD-controlled aircraft (see DoD 4515.13-R, paragraph 4-5). Commercial travel in connection with emergency leave will be at the civilian member's expense for SAO members and their dependents. Travel at government expense is authorized when a civilian is in a TDY status.

Emergency Medical and Dental Care

SAO operating budget funds can be used to pay SAO member (military or civilian) or dependent transportation costs for emergency medical and dental care requiring immediate attention. Military members are also provided per diem allowances in accordance with the DoD Joint Federal Travel Regulations. FMS case funds should be used to pay for emergency medical and dental transportation costs for FMS case-funded personnel.

  • Following certification of the emergency by the SAO chief, whose certification must be based on the determination by the local medical officer or U.S. embassy nurse.

  • To pay for transportation to the nearest aeromedical evacuation center or to the nearest facility that can provide adequate care.

International Cooperative Administrative Support System

What It Is.

International cooperative administrative support system (ICASS) is a State Department of State system that provides administrative services to U.S. government offices located overseas, to include SAOs. ICASS services include civilian personnel management, communications, information systems, budget and fiscal, and general services. These services are provided on a reimbursable basis at the Washington D.C. level, and actual SAO charges are settled between DSCA and the Department of State with SAO input. See Chapter 6 for more information concerning ICASS.

SAO Mentorship.

All SAOs must carefully monitor their use of ICASS and ensure that the workload factors used by the embassy are accurate. SAO chiefs will ensure that the ICASS agreement and charges are reviewed annually to be sure that charges are reasonable. In this regard:

SAOs should reconcile cost differences between the Department of State Department's final ICASS bill and its local embassy's stated charges.

Preference for "direct charges".

Department of State and DoD continue to seek ways to improve the ICASS system so that the user (SAO) is directly charged for actual services received, rather than charged pro-rated (distributed) costs based upon a complex computer-generated formula. If the embassy applies direct charges for a service, the SAO should verify that a duplicate charge is not included in the ICASS allotment for this same service. SAOs should work closely through local ICASS councils in seeking cost-effective and quality service improvements.

Budget Preparation.

The current and budget year ICASS costs should be stated in prior year constant dollars.

ГЛАВА 94 Мидж Милкен в крайнем раздражении стояла возле бачка с охлажденной водой у входа в комнату заседаний. «Что, черт возьми, делает Фонтейн? - Смяв в кулаке бумажный стаканчик, она с силой швырнула его в бачок для мусора.

 - В шифровалке творится нечто непонятное.

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