Beveridge Report 1942 Essay About Myself

Impact Of The 1942 Beveridge Report On Uk Welfare State: Policy Intervention

This essay will attempt to assess the impact of the 1942 Beveridge Report on the post 1945 UK welfare state. A welfare state is essentially ‘policy intervention through the state [to provide] forms of support and protection’ for all its citizens. (Alcock: 1998: 4) This means that the state will fund or provide provisions for services which are of need to its citizens. This is funded through citizens who pay taxes or National Insurance when they have active work, which in turn helps out the vulnerable members within a society. This concept is in essence designed to maintain the welfare of citizens from birth to the grave.
The notion of overseeing welfare wasn’t always the case in the UK. Before this the ‘Poor Law’ was operated. (1598-1948) This consisted on a basis that the poor amongst society were essentially a problem of their own making and in turn needed to be punished because of this. ‘Those without jobs were lazy, feckless or in some other way delinquent’ (Coats: 34: 2012) Welfare was deemed to be a privilege, a goodwill gesture from the rich to the poor. Harsh living conditions and the punishments were seen as motivation for the poor to strive to improve their own lives.
There was a growing sense that the poor did not deserve assistance and so in 1834 the ‘Poor Law Amendment Act’ was introduced. This was designed to make conditions more severe and to even further force self-improvement amongst the poor. ‘The central objective…was to withdraw poor relief from men judged ‘able-bodied’ in Poor Law terminology’. (Thane: 1978: 29) Alternatives such as the work-house were introduced. The notion that you should only ask for help if you desperately needed it as a last resource loomed. The Charity Organisation Society was ‘a body which coordinated voluntary action to relieve poverty’, this worked in conjunction with the Poor Law Amendment Act and its ideologies corresponded with the growing notion that the solution was hard work and determination. (Alcock: 1998: 4)
During the 1920s, the United Kingdom witnessed a major sea change when an interventionist state began to seep through and the idea that the poor or ‘paupers’ as they were known should have some rights within society. New policies were brought into place which saw the beginnings of a welfare state. These policies included improved housing legislation and a free education which was deemed compulsory.
As time went on, economic situations in the United Kingdom changed with the growth of the industrial revolution, it was now the world’s largest power house. It was the leading economic country and also had the largest military power. Many jobs had been created but populations has risen dramatically. The state began to realise that with the looming threat of war they would need a strong and healthy workforce that would be able to keep up with the endless struggles that war came with. This brought about a sense of solidarity.
On the 1st of December 1942, the coalition government published a...

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Beveridge Report Essay

602 WordsNov 13th, 20113 Pages

What were Beveridges 5 Giants? How did they relate to the 1930’s and how far did his 1942 report go towards defeating them?

This essay will attempt to explain and asses what Bevereidges five giants were and how they related to the 1930s and how far his 1942 report went towards defeating them. Looking at each of the five Giants individually I will explain if a how they were defeated.
Britain’s provision of welfare underwent a massive overhaul in the middle of the second World War .William Beveridge played a key role in these changes by writing a report which revised the social security system. It was determined by Beveridge that certain policies were required to combat the evils of society. They were referred to as “The Five Giants”.…show more content…

(Fraser 2003)

It is plain to see from the policies above that a comprehensive welfare system offering benefits on a universal level was created from the report written by William Beveridge. However, it was still subject to criticism. These miscalculations and misjudgements meant the elderly, the disabled and the long term unemployed still experienced poverty because the level of benefits were too low. (Fraser 2003) Beveridge’s vision was to have to little or no means-tested benefits, his idea was that very few people would fall into this category and it would only be used as a safety net. That was not the case, more and more people, mainly those on low incomes had to turn to means- tested National Assistance benefit. Beveridge did not fulfil his vision in this part of his plan. (Timmins 1996)

In conclusion the Welfare State was created on the principle that the state accepted a responsibility to protect and promote the welfare of all citizens. It must be noted that the system was designed to provide a national minimum, not reduce inequalities. I have looked in detail at all aspects to combat the “five giants “and the popular support when the Beveridge report was introduced. I have also looked at flaws in the system, however the cornerstone of the Beveridgian welfare system, was left almost untouched until the 1980’s.

Fraser, D. (2003) The Evolution Of The British

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