Theatre Extended Essay Ideas For Imagination


These subject guidelines should be read in conjunction with the Assessment Criteria


An extended essay in theatre provides students with an opportunity to undertake independent research into a topic of their choice, to apply a range of skills in order to develop and explore a focused research question appropriate to theatre in an imaginative and critical way, and to test and validate their research by considering its effect on the practice of the investigated theatre form.

Choice of topic

Owing to the composite nature of theatre, students may choose to take an interdisciplinary approach in their research. Whatever approach they choose, it is important to frame an appropriately focused research question. It is the task of the supervisor to ensure that the research question leads the student along a path that uses appropriate theatrical sources and that encourages the application of relevant theatrical concepts, theories or ideas. The essay topic may relate to an area of the Diploma Programme theatre course, but this is not a requirement and other areas of the subject may be explored. It is important that the topic reflects the student's particular interest and enthusiasm within the subject area.

The scope of the essay should not be too broad as such essays are rarely successful. The best research questions are well focused, thus encouraging analysis in depth rather than breadth. It is also important that the theatrical context of the essay is clearly established early in the essay. The title of the essay should clearly indicate the essay's main aims and objectives. It is not always a requirement for extended essays in theatre to deal with applied research that is practicable in nature. However, even if the student chooses to explore a purely theoretical topic, a connection between theory and its application in practice should be clearly noted. The least successful essays are generally those in which theory is completely divorced from practice; a narrow literary approach must be avoided. For example, if the student chooses to explore the use of fans in Restoration comedy, the wider cultural context informing the historical and social meanings behind this convention should be illustrated by a discussion of how it is applied in a production of a chosen Restoration play.

Absolute reliance on textbooks and web sites is discouraged and no extended essay in theatre should be based exclusively on either. Both these types of source should be consulted in conjunction with other relevant research material as support material for the student's own original research. Essays based on original research require a more personal involvement, which, in turn, encourages a more in-depth study.

A sound methodology, including a bibliography of high-quality research sources, is the foundation of a good extended essay in theatre. Good sources give the student scope for the type of in-depth analysis that characterizes the best pieces of work. Essays based entirely on published textbooks rarely score highly.

Comparisons between two or more theatrical practices are permissible, but students should be careful to ensure that the comparisons are valid and are a product of sensitive and objective analysis.

The following give some indication of the possible range of titles, research questions and approaches.

Title                                  An investigation into the functions of mask in two of Zeami Motokiyo's plays

Research question         What are the main uses and types of mask in Noh drama, and how does the mask contribute to the creation of a character in Noh?

Approach                         Relevant research materials are collected on the history, acting styles and stage conventions of Noh, and on the types of mask and their uses. The use of mask in two of Zeami Motokiyo's plays and the significance of mask for character development in these plays is analysed, and the uses of mask in the two plays are compared and contrasted.

Title                                 Female stereotypes and their performance in a selection of Brecht's plays

Research question          What female stereotypes did Brecht employ in his plays, and how can these be compared and contrasted in performance, based on an analysis of a selection of Brecht's plays?

Approach                          Relevant research materials are collected on the types and nature of female stereotypes Brecht used in his plays. These stereotypes are explored in relation to the chosen plays' themes and context, and are compared and contrasted by examining how they may have worked in production. The possible changes in the fundamental nature and working of these plays if the use of female roles were changed are explored.

Title                                 An examination of Soyinka's use of rhythm in acting, based on anin-depth exploration of one Soyinka play

Research question     How did Sayinka use language rhythms in his plays and how may these rhythms be applied in production?

Approach                      Relevant research materials are collected on Soyinka's use of language in play writing, The language rhythms used in Soyinka's plays are analysed in-depth by investigating the characters' use of language rhythms in one Soyinka play. The way these rhythms can change/contribute to the play's meanings, character development and relationships between different characters in the chosen play is examined.

Title                             A study of the effects of the use of fabrics and lighting in The Tempest

Research question



How can fabrics and lighting contribute to the creation of magical effects in a production of Shakespeare's last play?

In-depth research is carried out into the use of fabrics (in furnishing and costuming) and lighting in previous productions of The Tempest. There is a discussion, based on these examples, of how fabrics and lighting work with other production elements, how they can contribute to the creation of magical effects and how these affect the readings of the play. The way that appropriate/inappropriate use of both can affect a production is examined.


Treatment of the topic

When the research question has been established, the student should make a research plan. The research plan should be flexible enough to allow the student to explore the topic in a creative manner. The student should not be afraid to take risks throughout the research process: originality is encouraged, as is the employment of a number of different research models.

The emphasis of the extended essay should always be on written analysis, interpretation, evaluation, and the construction and development of a sound argument. It is vital that the methodology of the essay is tailored to the research question and allows for an in-depth exploration.

Appropriate resources for an extended essay in theatre must include primary and secondary data, such as books, newspapers and magazines, interviews, and Internet web sites. The use of other materials such as sketches, drawings, pictures, plans, photographs, CDs and DVDs is encouraged, but should not overwhelm the extended essay to the detriment of the research discourse. Where they are used, they need to be appropriate to the development and support of the argument. The sources of any such materials that are not original must be properly acknowledged.

The personal involvement of the student in the extended essay is of paramount importance and this can become evident through the research path that is followed. The use of active primary source material (that is, play texts and productions) is encouraged, as well as secondary source material. The research outcome should always include a link with a practical dimension.

Interpreting the assessment criteria

Criterion A: research question

The research question must be focused, appropriate to theatre, give the essay an appropriate context and encourage an investigative approach. It may be presented in the form of a question or as a statement or proposition for discussion. It must be specific and:

  • appropriate to the particular aspect and/or area of theatre being explored
  • centered on theatre and not on peripheral issues
  • Stated clearly early in the essay.

Criterion B: introduction

It is important to place the research question in an appropriate historical, sociocultural and theoretical context. A clear indication should be given of the reasons why the particular topic was chosen and how it will be approached. The introduction should be clear and concise, and it should outline the topic, the scope and the methodology. It should also demonstrate how the topic relates to current theatrical knowledge and theory.Over-lengthy discourses should be avoided: the introduction should not be seen as an opportunity for the student to present personal opinions. Such opinions, and arguments for them, belong in the essay itself.

Criterion C: investigation

It is important that the investigation uses a range of sources of information, such as those listed in the "Treatment of the topic" section. Where relevant and possible, students may wish to consult theatre practitioners such as performers, directors, researchers, writers, craftspeople or critics; they may wish to visit theatres, galleries, museums or theatre companies; or they may even wish to engage with the subject on a practical level at some point in the research in order to test their hypotheses. Whatever information is selected, it must be relevant to the topic and should provide the evidence needed to support the argument.

Good planning of the investigation involves the selection of a suitable methodology, and the collection and selection of appropriate data. All sources must be clearly acknowledged.

Criterion D: knowledge and understanding of the topic studied

Knowledge and understanding of theoretical background, and an awareness of the academic context and its practical consequences, are essential for a good essay. This should be achieved through the integration of the student's own ideas with current philosophical and theoretical thought, and their practical application in theatre.The student must demonstrate a contextual understanding of the theatre practice or tradition that is being researched. The context should be understood as the historical and sociocultural background that may inform or shape the topic chosen by the student The nature of the chosen topic will determine the emphasis given to the different aspects of context mentioned here and will also determine the direction of the research. Knowledge and understanding of the topic allows the student to develop a critical understanding of, and personal point of view about, the research findings, whether they come from primary or secondary sources.

Criterion E: reasoned argument

Students should beaware of the need to give their essaysthe backbone of a developing argument Essays that are largely narrative or descriptive, or that simply state value judgments or personal observations, will not score highly on this criterion. The best essays develop an argument, backed up with evidence, to convince the reader of the validity of their findings. The argument may be personal, but at the same time must remain logical and balanced. Reasoned argument must be the fundamental structural basis for an extended essay in theatre. The accumulation of research data may form part of the preparation for the writing of the extended essay but the ability to select relevant elements from this data is a crucial skill.

Where relevant, the argument should present evidence that leads towards acceptance or rejection of the original hypotheses. In the context of the investigation of an issue, conflict or problem, bias should be avoided.

Criterion F: application of analytical and evaluative skills appropriate to the subject

The student should be able to analyse and evaluate the theatre work, whether this is a scene from a play, a costume design, a lighting plot or any other aspect that might be part of the chosen topic. The ability to analyse and evaluate is part of the process through which the student articulates a relationship to the work and speaks with an individual voice.

It may be that the results of the analysis are unexpected or contrary to the student's initial hypotheses. Students should not be discouraged by this. Some of the best essays have emerged when students have had to reconsider and re-evaluate their original ideas, and modify their argument accordingly. Such an awareness of the need to make constant corrections and to recognize shortcomings is an essential element of research.

Criterion G: use of language appropriate to the subject

Theatrical terminology must be used accurately and appropriately. Furthermore, the ability to write clearly and coherently about the chosen topic is an important skill. The inclusion of visual images may also be a crucial part of the extended essay. These images should be annotated in a detailed and specific way, as they need to have an illustrative rather than merely decorative function.

Criterion H: conclusion

The conclusion must not introduce any new or extraneous material, nor should it merely repeat the content of the introduction. The conclusion should synthesize the findings of the investigation and briefly reiterate the evidence relevant to the research question. It should also state, where relevant, which hypotheses have been accepted or rejected and why. The hypotheses that have been rejected may be modified or replaced, suggesting new avenues of investigation.

The conclusion should also critically evaluate the appropriateness of the methodology and acknowledge any flaws or limitations in the research process. Any unresolved questions that have arisen from the research should be mentioned at this stage.

Criterion I: formal presentation

This criterion relates to the extent to which the essay conforms to academic standards about the way in which research papers should be presented. The presentation of essays that omit a bibliography or that do not give references for quotations is deemed unacceptable (level 0). Essays that omit one of the required elements—title page, table of contents, page numbers—are deemed no better than satisfactory (maximum level 2), while essays that omit two of them are deemed poor at best (maximum level 1).

The essay must include a bibliography, and diagrams, photos, pictures or sketches should be attributed and suitably annotated.

Criterion J: abstract

The abstract should clearly state the research question; give a brief account of how the investigation was carried out,the methods that were used and the types of information that were dealt with; and summarize the findings as stated in the conclusion.

Criterion K: holistic judgment

This criterion refers to the quality of the student's response to the research question or the chosen topic. It rewards intellectual initiative in the choice of research paths, the depth of understanding demonstrated by the student in reflecting on the findings of the research, and creativity in testing and applying the research in a practical context.


International Baccalaureate Organization. (2007). Theatre. In IBO Extended essay guide, First examinations 2009, (pp. 1164-168). New York: International Baccalaureate Organization.









Past extended essay topics covered in Oulun Lyseo are found in the list below. Jump to year 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.


  • Harjapää Johanna: History: An examination of the influencies of the Varjakka sawmill on the people of Oulunsalo
  • Harmainen Samppa: Biology: ATP binding to histone H1: Implications for high-order chromatin structures in eukaryotic cells
  • Hiltunen Jussi: History: Nationality policies in Soviet Carelia 1953-1964
  • Immonen Anna: Biology: A comparison between two waterfowl census methods: point and round count method
  • Koponen Riina: Biology: The classification of a lake Rukasenlampi by the birds, vegetation and the physical features of the lake
  • Koutaniemi Aarne: Economics: What kind of relationship is there between share-prices and short-term interest prices?
  • Lehtinen Helka: History: Evaluation of the evacuation procedures from Carelia between 1939 and 1945
  • Liedes Antti-Pekka: Computer Science: How IB students could use Internet for educational purposes
  • Matikainen Harri: Chemistry: An equilibrium study on the binding offlavin derivatives to the riboflavin-binding protein in egg white using fluorescence quenching
  • Meskus Jonne: Biology: Investigating the relationship of different light wavelengths to the rate of photosynthesis in Elodea canadensis
  • Miettunen Päivi: History: The red and white terror and treatment of prisoners of war during and after the Finnish civil war
  • Patokoski Jussi: Finnish Literature: Parin hajoamisen merkitys viidessä Rosa Liksomin novellissa kokoelmasta Tyhjän tien paratiisit
  • Pätsi Jukka: Chemistry: Comparative study of the nitrate-ion(NO3-) content in different parts of the river Kiiminkijoki waterway using a spectrophotometric method
  • Rantala Olli: Finnish Literature: Lassi Sinkkosen Solveigin laulu. Onko Solveig oman onnensa seppä?
  • Reunanen Karoliina: Biology: Analysis of cell mediated immunity against Francisella tularensis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Tetanustoxoid in human T lymphocytes
  • Ruotsalainen Markku: Economics: The unemployment in Pietarsaari
  • Sallinen Sari: Economics: The effect of deregulation of long-distance call market in the telecommunication area of Oulu
  • Sankilampi Johanna: History: The influence of the Finnish Battle of Independence on Jean Sibelius' music: Russian rule, the First World War and the War of Liberation
  • Sipilä Sampsa: Economics: A model of gross domestic product of the economy of Finland
  • Soininen Miia: Finnish literature: Meidän on uudesta luotava maa! Köyhälistön asema Ilmari Kiannon Punaisessa viivassa
  • Turunen Jani: Geography: Construction of Pajuperä Foredune
  • Ukkola Sanna: Economics: The reflections of Finnish economic recession on demand of luxury watches
  • Vehkala Anna-Kaisa: Geography: A delimitation of the central business district in Imatra, Finland
  • Väänänen Mikko: Chemistry: Formation of the simplest amino acids and organic acids in possible prebiotic conditions
  • Åkerlund Johanna: History: The situation and the treatment of Jewish refugees in Finland 1939-1944


  • Aho Piia: Finnish literature: Psykokriittinen tulkinta Anja Kaurasen Sonja O. kävi täällä -teoksen päähenkilöstä
  • Ahvenjärvi Kaisa: Finnish literature: Katri Valan runokuvien analyysiä
  • Haapalainen Johanna: Economics: Price elasticities of package tours bought in Finland 1990-1995
  • Hoang-Sario Christina: Finnish language: Vietnamilaisopiskelijan näkemyksiä suomen kielen kieliopin vaikeuksista
  • Huikuri Niina: History: What was the nature of the Lotta Svärd organisation and what was its role in the wars of Finland
  • Järvelä Marinella: History: A study of the reasons leading to the fleeing of the Estonians to Finland and serving in the Finnish army during the continuation war;
  • Kantola Johanna: Finnish literature: Saima Harmajan runojen struktuurianalyysi
  • Kaukosalo Sanna: Finnish literature: Myyttipohja Anu Kaipaisen teoksessa Magdaleena ja maailman lapset
  • Kilpelänaho Vesa: Physics: A standing wave on a string: flageolet tones of a guitar and the relationship between the amplitudes of the normal modes of the string and the generated sound waves
  • Leskelä Kristiina: Finnish literature: Risto Rasa - runoilija ja hänen tuotantonsa
  • Liuhanen Sasu: Physics: The Effect of Advance Ratio on the Efficiency of Model Propellers
  • Lämsä Hanna: History: The role of J.W. Snellman in the historical development of Finnish nationalistic thought during the 19th century
  • Mattila Lauri: Physics: The determination of bond length of carbon monoxide using far-infrared Fourier spectroscopy
  • Mikkola Mari: English literature: Gregory Corso's poem Marriage as a model of Beat poetry investigated in regards to linguistic and structural aspects
  • Mikkonen Tanja: History: The relationships between German soldiers and Finnish women during the Continuation War (1941-1944) in the city of Oulu
  • Nevala Päivi: History: An Examination of the History of the Press in Raahe as a reflection of the Political Situation in Finland from 1896 to 1919
  • Oja Outi: Finnish literature: Myyttiset ainekset Timo K. Mukan teoksessa Kyyhky ja unikko
  • Pekki Janne: Economics: The Advantages and Disadvantages of a Small Organisation in the Finnish Computer Market
  • Pierides Georgios: History: Reasons for the religious path of the Iranian revolution of 1979
  • Rauhala Mikko: Economics: The degree of perfect competition in a market utilizing wide-area computer network
  • Savolainen Marko: Art & Design: An Investigation Into The Design Of Today's Consumer Electronics
  • Seppänen Olli: History: Was Julius Caesar a brilliant statesman or a ruthless despot?
  • Utoslahti Tommi: Physics: Measurement of the energies of Auger electrons emitted from gaseous argon using the electron spectrometer
  • Vikeväinen Jaana: Chemistry: Study of the effects of xylitol, sorbitol and sugars on the buffer capacity and pH of saliva


  • Grönlund Ulla: Finnish literature: Kerronnan keinoja Lassi Nummen teoksessa Maisema
  • Hanhela Topi: English literature: Function of a car in Jack Kerouac's novel On The Road
  • Hassi Henri: History: The Third Division defending in Summa from January to February 1940
  • Heinonen Paavo: English literature: The Creation Myth in Ted Hughes' Crow
  • Ipatti Pieta: History: Weapon caching: A sense of security against the USSR in Kainuu area
  • Jauhiainen Salla: History: The leadership in The Battle of Tolvajärvi in The Finnish Winter War
  • Juntunen Mirkka: English literature: Men and Marriage in A Streetcar Named Desire and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof by Tennessee Williams
  • Kettunen Laura: Finnish literature: Rakkaudettomuuden kuvaus Matti Yrjänä Joensuun romaanissa Harjunpää ja rakkauden nälkä
  • Lappalainen Sami: Physics: The effect of winter-time cold on semiconductors
  • Luhtaniemi Mikko: Economics: Saving in Finland 1990-1996
  • Oilinki Anu: Finnish literature: Virpin kehitys A. Idströmin teoksessa Sinitaivas
  • Outakoski Hanna: Finnish literature: Annika Idströmin romaanin Veljeni Sebastian rakenneanalyysi
  • Palokari Pia: English literature: What is the role and meaning of animals in the poetry of Emily Dickinson?
  • Pentikäinen Teija: English literature: Unhappy love in Ernest Hemingway's novels A Farewell to Arms and Whom the Bell Tolls
  • Piattoeva Nelli: History: Analysis of Soviet policies towards Karelian language in the 1920's
  • Pirneskoski Mika: Economics: To which market structure does the floorball stick market in Finland belong and how does it function?
  • Rehu Minna: Finnish literature: Rakkaus-käsitteen analyysiä Johannes Linnankosken teoksessa Laulu tulipunaisesta kukasta
  • Rossi Miia: Finnish literature: Vesi-, kivi- ja puumetaforat Helvi Juvosen runoissa
  • Ruotsalainen Johanna: Biology: A study in zonation of vegetation at Storsand seashore in West Coast Finland
  • Uimari Outi: English literature: 'Lying' in Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray
  • Viittanen Jorma: Economics: How did the recession affect the operations of T:mi Wiitta-Tuote and its development in 1998-1995


  • Harju Juhana: Finnish literature: Hevossymbolin käytöstä ja merkityksestä Eeva-Liisa Mannerin teoksissa Tämä matka, Fahrenheit 121 ja Kuolleet vedet
  • Hiltunen Pekka: History: Evaluation of the Finnish Army's Policy of Bringing the Winter War Casualties to their Home Congregations for Burial
  • Junkkonen Laura: Physics: Physical Approach to Signals Produced in Biological Measurements
  • Kaarlela Antti: Biology: Social status of the willow tit Parus montanus with respect to the great tit Parus major, the blue tit Parus caeruleus, the crested tit Parus cristatus and the coal tit Parus ater. The factors affecting the determination of the rank of a species in the social hierarchy of dominance of the Scandinavian tits
  • Kalamäki Katja: Finnish literature: Runojen osuus Timo K. Mukan teoksessa Maa on syntinen laulu
  • Kilpelänaho Paula: Finnish literature: Isänmaallisuus V.A.Koskenniemen lyriikassa
  • Kiviranta Kimmo: Business and Organisation: Analysing the way a company builds its international image to consumers. A case study of Nokia
  • Knip Maria: Biology: Antibodies to Biochemically Characterised Autoantigens in Family Members of Children with Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
  • Knuutinen Minna: Biology: Influence of Drainage on Virgin Mire Properties as Indicated by Distributional Traits of Invertebrates in the area of Haapavesi, Province of Oulu
  • Korhonen Laura: English literature: Dying women in four short stories by Edgar Allan Poe
  • Kovalainen Heikki: Philosophy: Re-examination of Francis Bacon's Doctrine of Idols. How might Idols be regarded as causes of evil in human nature?
  • Lahti Elina: Finnish literature: Kauneuskäsitys Eeva Heilalan tuotannossa
  • Luiro Kai: Physics: Sunspots and cosmic rays
  • Mannerkorpi Katja: English literature: The poet in Virginia Woolf's Orlando. What attributes of being are present in the character of Orlando?
  • Mikkola Anne: Finnish literature: 'Minä olen voimanainen' Voimanaiseuden luonne Pirjo Hassisen teoksessa Voimanaiset
  • Niskanen Martta: Economics: An analysis of the ways the Tiivi company coped with the depression in Finland in the beginning of 1990's
  • Oksanen Henna: Finnish literature: Rosa Liksomin naiskuvat novellikokoelmissa Yhden yön pysäkki ja Tyhjän tien paratiisit
  • Orava Ari: Geography: Geography of fear in the centre of Oulu
  • Pietilä Eeva: Chemistry: A study of the properties of sulfur in view of its future utilization
  • Pulkkinen Niina: English language: The role of language transfer in second language acquisition.
  • Ruokangas Riikka: Biology: A study of the relation between the structure of the brain and the activities of the animals in different taxonomic groups of vertebrate animals
  • Sahakari Timo: Economics: Should Finland join the European Monetary Union?
  • Seppänen Erkki: History: A study of the immediate impacts of the Crimean war on Oulu in 1854-1864
  • Siik Johanna: Finnish literature: Myyttinen uskonmatka A.W.Yrjänän runoudessa
  • Snellman Juho: Mathematics: Optimizing the sieve of Eratosthenes
  • Säntti Mikko: Finnish literature: Hannu Salaman miljöökuvaus teoksissa Se tavallinen tarina, Minä, Olli ja Orvokki ja Siinä näkijä missä tekijä
  • Törmänen Jussi: Economics: Theoretical and statistical analysis of the reasons for the depression in Finland in 1990's
  • Vimpari Anna-Mari: History: An Evaluation of Vennamo's Role in the Rise of the SMP in the Parliament Elections of 1970


  • Brotherus, Anna-Riitta: Chemistry: A quantitative and qualitative analysis on casein in bovine milk in relation to its conformational, structural and chemical properties
  • Glebova, Ksenia: Peace and conflict studies: Who is a Jew? The post-1989 debate over the question of Jewish identity between secular and religious Israeli Jews.
  • Haapalahti, Heidi: Finnish literature: "On Ruijanmeren rannalla kylläpitkää talvista iltaa ja yötä taajoa". Luonnonkuvaus ja kuinka se tukee tarinan myyttistä juonenkehitystä Samuli Paulaharjun novellikokoelmassa Tunturien yöpuolta.
  • Holmström, Anna: Visual Arts: An analysis of western influence on Papua New Guinea art.
  • Häikiö, Kaisa: Biology: Investigation on the behaviour of Lumbricus rubellus in different external conditions.
  • Härkönen, Kaisa-Maria: English literature: The theme of motherhood in the poetry of Sylvia Plath
  • Kesti, Heidi: Biology: Linkage and mapping of the genes using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster
  • Khalid, Maryam: Chemistry: A comparison of aspirin and its parent compound
  • Kisko, Kaisa: Finnish literature: Kerrontatekniset keinot Tiina Kailan romaanissa Valaistu Manner
  • Kivioja, Katri: History: Home, religion, fatherland: The spirit of white Finland in Hilja Riipinen and the Lotta Svärd
  • Kylli, Jan-Peter: Economics: Critical analysis of the IMF support package to South Korea in 1997.
  • Malo, Pekka: Biology: Succession of sea-shore vegetation on gravelly and boulder shores in the land uplift area of the northernmost Gulf of Bothnia, Finland
  • Marttila, Pia: Swedish language: Att bli tvåspråkig - hur det lyckas av en elev med en helt finsk bakgrund
  • Matinaho, Sari: Finnish literature: "Aalo, jolla oli yhtaikaa kyhkyläisen ja myös suden sielu" - Sivuhenkilöiden suhtautuminen päähenkilö Aaloon Aino Kallaksen teoksessa Sudenmorsian.
  • Nurmela, Laura: Finnish literature: Anja Kaurasen romaanin Sonja O. Kävi täällä vastaanotto
  • Palomaa, Heikki: English literature: Surrender in Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five.
  • Rimpinen, Tiina: Chemistry: The isolation of an optically active natural product called usnic acid and the apply of lichens in drug industry.
  • Ristola, Henna: Biology: A relationship between a mother and a calf reindeer compared with their hear rates in specific occasions.
  • Sallamo, Lauri: Music: A critical analysis of the guitar sound of Jimi Hendrix and its production in Electric ladyland.
  • Salo-oja, Mari: English literature: A comparison of the reasons for the alienation of the central characters in Forster's Maurice and Isherwood's A Single Man.
  • Sandbacka, Kasimir: History: The success and the failure of Governor Savander as the russifier of the city of Oulu in 1903-1905.
  • Tarvainen, Anu: English language: The teaching of English in Finland - a look into high school textbooks.
  • Tauriainen, Sanna-Kaisa: Swedish language: Tilltals- och hälsningsfraser i Zachris Topelius brev.
  • Tolonen, Anna-Riikka: Swedish language: Anglicismer i idrottsspråk
  • Tulkki, Maarit: Swedish language: Det språkliga samarbetet mellan gränskommunerna Torneå och Haparanda
  • Törmänen, Antti-Pekka: Mathematics: Combinatorial investigations on the partitions of a finite set of objects into subsets.


  • Ali Dahir: Economics: Critical Analyses of the Structural Adjustment Programmes in Zambia
  • Aunola Aki: Economics: Was the division of Miilukangas ky in 1998 a wise decision?
  • Halunen Kimmo: English literature: When Love and Death Embrace: An analysis on love and death and the relationship of these in a selection of Edgar Allan Poe's poems
  • Huikari Tiia: Finnish literature: Paavali Lempeliuken henkilökuva Aino Kallaksen teoksessa Reigin pappi
  • Karjalainen Taru: Finnish literature: Väkivallan käsittelystä Eeva-Liisa Mannerin teoksessa Varokaa voittajat
  • Karttunen Saana: Mathematics: Investigation on the coefficients of a trinomial expansion
  • Kivijärvi Marjo: Latin: How do 'Carpe Diem' - and 'Aurea mediocritas' -themes express Horace's epicurean philosophy
  • Koponen Laura: Psychology: The role of childhood attachment types in adult relationships
  • Krintilä Hanna: Biology: Cell proliferation in normal and psoriatic epidermis
  • Laurila Katja-Maria: Biology: The significance of different risk factors in predicting cardiovascular diseases in Finnish reindeer herders
  • Luoma Heikki: Economics: An economic analysis of the factors which determine the changes in gasoline prices in Finland in the 1990s
  • Mattila Jaakko: Chemistry: Qualitative and Quantitative water quality analysis of natural waters in Norhern Finland
  • Mikkola Anna: Latin: The revolutionary characteristics of Catullus' poetry - why is Catullus a poeta novus?
  • Moilanen Sanna: Economics: How did an advertising campaign affect the sales and profits ofAnttila? An economic analysis of a Plussa -advertising campaign
  • Myllylä Hanna: Finnish literature: Naistyypit Maria Jotunin novellikokoelmassa Kun on tunteet. Konflikti yhteiskunnan naiskuvan ja naisen tavoitteiden välillä
  • Oivo Mirjami: English literature: Investigation of the influence of Otto Plath on the works of Sylvia Plath, traced through her poetry from 1958 to 1962
  • Pääkkö Anneli: Finnish literature: Päähenkilö Kaisun kuvaus Sisko Istanmäen romaanissa Liian paksu perhoseksi
  • Rehumäki Paula: Finnish literature: Kahden todellisuuden rajalla -teeman tutkimusta eräissä Katri Valan Maan laiturilla -kokoelman runoissa
  • Risteli Hanna: Finnish literature: "Kuolema on tila ihmisten välillä" Metaforan tutkimusta Juhani Koskisen Äijä-kokoelmassa
  • Ronkainen Aija: Art: Concealed Meanings. Flowers and fruit as symbols in Christian paintings of the Renaissance
  • Ruonala Jakko: Chemistry: Comparing environmental-friendly lubricants and mineral oils
  • Ruskoaho Hanna-Ilona: Finnish literature: Vierauden teema eräissä Otto Mannisen runoissa
  • Saarela Konsta: Economics: A qualitative evaluation on the economic impact of population growth in Oulu
  • Siurua Sanni: English literature: The theme of love in Toni Morrison's Sula
  • Strand Jukka-Pekka: Economics: EMU Breakdown? - Consequences for the Finnish Economy
  • Tikkanen Anna-Liisa: Finnish literature: Minna Canthin Salakarin vastaanotto. Odotushorisontit ja lukumallit Salakarin reseptiossa
  • Tokola Teemu: Computer science: The difference between two different teaching methods in word recognition by computers
  • Vuorivirta Outi: Finnish literature: Kaupunki sosiaalisena yhteisönä Mika Waltarin romaanissa Surun ja ilon kaupunki


  • Alaoja, Hanna: English literature: Emily Dickinson’s dread of nature reflected in 11 of her poems
  • Ervasti, Mikko: Psychology: Application of music therapy in treatment of eating disorders
  • Heikkinen, Vili: History: The history of United States in Sakari Ainali’s correspondence
  • Huttunen, Tuomo: Economics: The reason and effects of the fluctuations of the Euro currency against the U.S. dollar from 1st January 1999 to 7th November 2000
  • Kaleva, Jari-Pekka: Economics: An evaluation of the actions of the government of Finland during the boom of 1980´s and at the beginning of the 1990´s depression from a Keynesian point of view
  • Kauppila, Hannu: History: The enquiry on the fall of the Borgias: An analysis of Niccolo Machiavelli’s misrepresentation of the reign and fall of Alexander VI and Cesare Borgia in Discorsi and Il Principe.
  • Knuutinen, Eini: History: The nature and conditions of the prison camps of Finland (1918) with an emphasis on the prison camp in Oulu
  • Konola Sanna: Psychology: Two paths to our unconsciousness – will they take us to our dreams? Examining the function of dreaming through two different theories, by Freud and Foulkes
  • Korpela, Hanna: Economics: Solving the foreign debt effects on economic development in Kenya in terms of health care and education
  • Kukkonen, Terhi: Visual arts: Italian renaissance and French impressionism
  • Leppälä, Piia: Biology: The effect of nutrients and fertilisers on the fruit of different plants in the greenhouse
  • Paes, Mariana: History: An examination into the reasons why African slavery was introduced to Brazil
  • Parhi, Katariina: Finnish literature: Symboliset ainekset Timo K. Mukan romaanissa Tabu
  • Mäkäräinen, Meeri: Mathematics: Pythagorean numbers and their orders
  • Palokangas, Tanja: Economics:
  • Rosenqvist, Tiina: Psychology: Family and schizophrenia: How does the communication deviance of parents or distorted family relationships precipitate schizophrenia in genetically predisposed children?
  • Ruuska, Hanna-Leena: Finnish literature: ”Minua on monta” – Kertojan jakautunut minuus Anja Kaurasen teoksessa Ihon aika sekä Pirkko Saision teoksessa Pienin yhteinen jaettava.
  • Ryabkov, Roman: Economics: The impact of economic reforms on living standards in Russia
  • Saapunki, Jonna: Swedish literature: Olika sätt Tove Jansson använder för att göra texten levande i boken Trollvinter
  • Salo, Olli: Physics: Measuring the surface temperature of the Sun from its spectral energy distribution
  • Seppinen, Lotta: Chemistry: The effect of athletic drinks on pH and buffer capacity of saliva
  • Talsta, Ismo: Physics: The effect of moisture and wind on the heat flow through a sock
  • Taurio, Paul: Economics: The role of money illusion in an adjustment to a demand and a supply side shock
  • Tiensyrjä, Juha: Computer science: The efficiency of TCP/IP-routed small local area networks versus non-routed small local are networks
  • Valkama, Ville-Veikko: Finnish literature : Suomalaisen miehen luonne kuvattuna Väinö Linnan romaanissa Tuntematon sotilas sekä Zachris Topeliuksen novellissa Matti.
  • Viertola, Antti: Economics: Implications of unemployment benefits on structural unemployment
  • Weisell, Inka: Visual Arts: The portrayal of power and authority in Neil Gaiman’s Sandman


  • Aherto, Suvi: Economics: Analysis of liquidity trap in Japan and possibility of one in Finland
  • Ekorre, Saija: Finnish A1: Idealistiset henkilöt Väinö Linnan teoksessa “Täällä Pohjantähden alla”
  • Eronen, Kaisa-Maria: Finnish A1: Runot Elina Karjalaisen yhdeksässä ensimmäisessä Uppo-Nalle -kirjassa
  • Forsén, Jenni: History: The incorporation of the town of Saloinen to the city of Raahe in the beginning of 1970’s
  • Grekula, Hanna: History: Developing Alavieska in 1800’s – becoming an independent community
  • Haapakoski, Hanna: History: An examination of the ways in which racial discrimination excluded the Sami people from the Finnish nation in the 19th century Finland.
  • Hattukangas, Satu: English B : Sheepfarmer’s daughter as a soldier and hero? The characterization of Paksenarrion Dorthansdotter of Three Firs in Elizabeth Moon’s novel Sheepfarmer’s Daughter
  • Hyvärinen, Jaana: Finnish A1 : Äidin ja tyttären suhteen kuvaus ja merkitys Anna-Leena Härkösen teoksessa Avoimien ovien päivä
  • Juvonen, Katariina: Biology : Male dogs’ responses to urine from females in heat. A comparison between castrated and intact male dogs.
  • Koponen, Niina: History : The development of Oulu’s hospital system between the years 1939 and 1972.
  • Kuvaja, Paula: Mathematics HL: Analysis on a directed tree-graph of the inverse progression of the 3x+1 problem of positive integers.
  • Kähkönen, Reetta: Finnish A1 : Elämää tuskan ja onnellisuuden rajamailla. Elämänmyönteisyys angstisuuden vastavoimana Uuno Kailaan lyriikassa
  • Lahti, Anniina: Finnish A1 : Huumorin keinot ja merkitys Ilpo Tiihosen lyyrikassa
  • Meskus, Jenni: History : The causes and effects of British rule on the society, economy and politics of Zanzibar between 1890 and 1910
  • Mirfakhraei, Soufi: Chemistry : An investigation into surface tension on life of soap bubbles.
  • Ronkainen, Leena: Finnish A1 : Juha Seppälän Super Market –teoksen (1991) vastaanotto kirjallisuuskriitikoiden keskuudessa
  • Ronkainen, Pyry: Geography : The central business district, the city and the functional urban region – case the City of Oulu.
  • Ruskoaho, Juho: Economics : A critical evaluation of alternative actions governments could perform to reduce pollution caused by cars thus producing more utility for the environment.
  • Seppänen, Anne: Economics : An investigation on the advantages and disadvantages of centrally planned economy in Vietnam’s economic growth and development during and after the doi moi period.
  • Tammela, Juha-Matti: Finnish A1 : Rosa Liksomin tuotannosta
  • Tervahauta, Suvi: Finnish A1 : Balladin piirteet Timo K. Mukan teoksessa Kyyhky ja unikko
  • Turkka, Saara: History : The Korpela movement as a reflection of the social situation in Northern Sweden during the 1930’s.


  • Ainesmaa, Maiju: Geography : Why has the population of Oulu experienced a growth between 1945 and 2000?
  • Asikainen, Jonna: Biology : The effect of preliminary seed germination on the results of growing common sunflower (Helianthus annuus). A comparison between flowers planted with and without preliminary seed germination
  • Haapa, Henna: Finnish (Group 1) : Auktoriteettien, itsekkyyden ja toiveiden vaikutus henkilöiden käyttäytymiseen ja päätöksiin Mika Waltarin romaanissa “Suuri illuusioni”.
  • Harjapää, Matti: Mathematics : Relations between the Fibonacci numbers, the Lucas numbers, the golden ratio and Pascal’s triangle
  • Helve, Laura: Chemistry : A study of differences between original, baking and omega eggs
  • Hietala, Paula: History : The involvement of the city of Oulu in the Finnish wars
  • Honkanen, Meeri: Biology : The inhibitory allelopathic effects of Calluna vulgaris extracts on seed germination and radicle elongation
  • Kaisto, Heta: English literature (Group 2) : Time and space as ways to express existential irony in Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot
  • Keränen, Ville: Mathematics : An n-dimensional extension of Pythagorean Theorem
  • Ketonen, Maria: English literature (Group 2) : “Living in the Interregnum” Social responsibility and identity crisis of Rosa and Hillela in the transforming society of South Africa in Nadine Gordimers’s novels Burger’s Daughter and A Sport of Nature
  • Kuopanportti, Pekko: Mathematics : On the sums of natural number powers of positive integers
  • Laaksamo, Elisa: Biology : The effects of acidified water on the growth and the appearance of barley and oat
  • Mattila, Henna: Finnish (Group 1) : “Liksom nuorten luettavana”. Reseptiotutkimuksen teoriaan, Rosa Liksomin novelleihin ja nuorten lukijoiden vastaanottoon pohjautuva tutkimus
  • Mattila, Taneli: Finnish (Group 1) : Syksyn lapsi. Kvantitatiivis-biografinen tutkielma vuodenajoista Eino Leinon runoudessa
  • Niskanen, Emma: Biology : The study of the environmental effects on the growth of some moulds
  • Paavola, Inka: Finnish (Group1) : Lumi talvehtii kesät meissä. Ihmiskuvia ja pohjoisia ajatuksia Pekka Kejosen runoteoksessa “Talvipäivänseisaus”
  • Perälä, Kaisa: Finnish (Group 1) : Päähenkilö Julian luonnekuva ja sen merkitys Kira Poutasen romaanissa “Ihana Meri”
  • Saarinen, Hanna: Philosophy : The modern language of morality and ethics
  • Salmela. Tiia: Finnish (Group 1) : Millaisen kuvan rikollisuudesta Arto Paasilinna antaa romaanissaan “Hirtettyjen kettujen metsä”?
  • Salo, Maria: English literature (Group 2) : Edgar Allan Poe as an early science fiction author
  • Selmgren, Hanna: Economics: Fair trade and the attitudes of Finnish consumers towards fair trade
  • Tarvainen, Jussi: English literature (Group 2) : Healthy body, confined mind. An examination of the reasons for,and methods and consequences of mind control in Aldous Huxley’s “BraveNew World” and Anthony Burgess’ “A Clockwork Orange”
  • Toivio, Seppo: Finnish (Group 1) : “Käy, kuten käydä pitää”. Kuolema-teeman pohdiskelua Juha Seppälän romaanissa “Hyppynaru”
  • Tokhtiyev, Abdul-Rakhman: Biology : Effects of food and water quality on growth and reproduction of freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis in laboratory conditions
  • Tokhtiyev, Mukhamed: Chemistry : A spectrophotometric determination of the thickness of copper layer on a new five cent euro coin
  • Veijola, Saara: Biology : Optimising the conditions of the Polymerase Chain Reaction taking place in the human insulin gene region
  • Välikangas, Anita: Finnish (Group 1) : Kun rikoksesta tulee rangaistus. F. M. Dostojevskin ja jälkimodernin yhteiskunnan vaikutteet ihmiskuvaan Asko Sahlbergin romaanissa Eksyneet.


  • Ainesmaa, Janne: Psychology : How is the shadow of the human psyche apparent in Finnish males and what are the effects of it on them?: An research analyzed through the theories of Carl G. Jung.
  • Alexeev, Anton: Physics : Airborne radar systems.
  • Haapakoski, Arja: History : The question of East Karelia: reasons for the failure of East Karelian annexation to Finland.
  • Hautamäki, Emilia: Music : Analysis of the emotional atmosphere in the water thematic of the song Liquid Diamonds on Tori Amos’ album From the Choirgirl Hotel.
  • Härönoja, Jenny: History : The role of religion within the Lapua Movement in 1929-1932.
  • Kangas, Elina: Biology : The effect of the wavelength of light on plant growth and development in Tagetes patula nana.
  • Kotiaho, Henri: Physics : Investigation of conventional laws of friction.
  • Laitala, Olli: Physics: Analysis of power loss in changing AC current to DC current using diodes and capacitors.
  • Määttä, Henna: Chemistry : A study of the effects of temperature and pH on the rate of fermentation of milk to yogurth, and fresh cabbage to sauerkraut
  • Neubauer, Robert: Biology: Continuous monitoring of microbial growth of Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in shaking incubators
  • Piippo, Ari-Matti: English Literature (Group 2) : H.P. Lovecraft and Clark Ashton Smith: a comparison of style when writing about lost vision and broken dreams
  • Piippo, Niina: Finnish (Group 1) : Melankolia Raija Siekkisen novellikokoelmassa “Elämän keskipiste”. Motiivit keskeistä melankoliaa korostamassa.
  • Ruuska, Marja: English Litterature (Group2) : How is internal conflict presented in Elizabeth Bishop’s first collection of poetry?
  • Seppinen, Elisa: Biology : Peat vs. sandy soil. Their different capability to retain water and its effect to the growth rate of wheat (Triticum aestivum).
  • Seppälä. Kati: Economics : To what extent were the measures taken by the Singapore government effective in helping the country recover from the unemployment caused by the 1997 monetary crisis?
  • Seppälä, Sanna: Physics : To what extent is the beating of flageolet notes of a guitar useful in careful tuning of the guitar?
  • Seppänen, Heidi: Psychology : Examining sexuality in the first volume of Miura Kenturo’s Bersek using psychoanalytic approach.
  • Simula, Juhana: Finnish (Group 1) : “Mies miehelle”. Mikael Niemen Populäärimusiikkia Vittulanjänkältä -teoksen ihannemiesmalli ja kansallisen identiteetin selkeän puuttumisen vaikutus tähän malliin
  • Turunen, Joonas: Physics : The efficiency of a steam engine
  • Ûneri, Melisa: Theatre Arts : “Not theatre but a crossword puzzle,” What are the difficulties encountered in directing Harold Pinter’s “The Birthday Party”?
  • Weissenfelt, Annica: Visual Arts : To what extent has Wassily Kandinsky’s teaching in aesthetic theory and analytical drawing at the Bauhaus influenced the development of abstraction?
  • Yan, Weixu: Mathematics : Investigating arrangements that would give the minimal circumference relative to the area formed of equal circles by using an index.


  • Hietala Timo: English B : War on Iraq, Mystery and Paradox
  • Kemppainen Mirjami: Biology: Defecating behaviour of a horse (Equus caballus) in a box stall.Comparison between stallions, geldings and mares
  • Khanji Louai: Computer Science : Measuring the Difference in Triangle, Trapezoid, Line, and Font Drawing.Throughput between the X Window System Core Graphics Model and the X Rendering Extension Graphics Model
  • Kouri Paula: English B : Description of addiction: a comparison of Irvine Welsh’s Trainspotting and Hubert Selby Junior’s Requiem for a dream. How do the authors create the addict’s world and what can these representations of addiction tell us about the reality of the addict’s life?
  • Luukkonen Anu-Helmi: Finnish A1: Kehitysvammaisuuden representaatio Asko Sahlbergin romaanissa Hämärän jäljet sekä Jari Tervon romaanissa Tuulikaappimaa.
  • Mäkinen Anna: Chemistry : An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Biodiesel Properties in Relation to the Fatty Acid Compositions of the New Vegetable Oils Used in Preparing These Biodiesels
  • Nisula Ilari: Chemistry: Quantitative analysis of iron in cereals
  • Nurmela Henna: Finnish A1 : Suomalaiset Juha Itkosen romaanissa Myöhempien aikojen pyhiä
  • Paloniemi Joni: Economics : The Past, present and future of the Finnish HEX All-Share index
  • Perälä Kaisa: English B : “The child narrator as a voice of social concern”.The use of child narrator to deal with the social concern of Afro-Americans in Toni Morrison’s “The Bluest Eye” and Alice Walker’s “The Color Purple”.
  • Portaankorva Katja: Finnish A1 : Missä suhteessa Väinö Linnan Sotaromaanissa sekoittuvat fakta ja fiktio?
  • Priuska Tiia: History : Reasons and motives for emigration from the province of Ostrobothnia, Finland
  • Päivärinta Taina: English B: Feminism and Fairytales: why do feminist writers want to re-write old tales and how do they alter the structure to get their message across?
  • Reinikka Jonna: History: The effect of finlandization on the domestic issues of Finland in the 1970
  • Romppainen Niina: Chemistry : The Study of Different Methods of Producing Hydrogen Gas in a School Laboratory
  • Suomalainen Kaisa-Maria: History : To what extent was the Finnish Secondary School effective in promoting social and educational equality in the 1960s?Analysing the developments on a national scale and in the Finnish Lyceum for girls in Oulu.
  • Tapio Pauli: English B: Political Pop Songs: An Analysis of Three Classics.What makes an effective political pop song?


  • Baublyte Daiva: Business and Management:Why has the number of students applying to study in International Baccalaureate program at Oulu Lyseo, Finland declined?
  • Haapaniemi Jonna: English B:“Pride and Prejudice” and “Bridget Jones’ Diary”: Why has our pictureof a lady changed so much while our picture of a gentleman has stayedthe same?
  • Haarala Noora: Finnish A1:Menetyksen symboliikka Riitta Jalosen teoksessa “Tyttö ja naakkapuu”.
  • Helve Merja: Biology:A study of the effects of differing pH levels on the growth and appearance of radish Raphanus sativus radicula.
  • Hyrkäs Nina: Finnish A1:Arno Kontron Sanovat sitä rakkaudeksi –teoksen mieskuva tarkasteltuna perinteisen ja modernin miesmallin pohjalta
  • Häkkinen Hanna: Philosophy:Experience, understanding and reason: instruments of our knowledge. Therelationship between these instruments based on Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason
  • Hänninen Sini: Biology:Effects of food quality and external conditions on growth of mealworm Tenebrio molitor
  • Junttila Anna Stiina: English B:The Cinderella syndrome based on Cinderella fairytales
  • Juotasniemi Minna: History:The Rovaniemi Market. What factors allowed Rovaniemi to become the center of the market?
  • Korhonen Mia: Psychology:Televised media of the modern culture in causing depression –a cognitive, cultural view
  • Koskela Maria: Business and Management:Should Aila Koskela hire an extra worker in her company job control and therapy services by Aila Koskela
  • Käsmä Marjukka: History:How did the Karelians moving in and the border between Finland andRussia closing affect the living conditions in Kuusamo in 1919-1922?
  • Lax Maria: English B: In the name of freedom – an analysis of George W. Bush’s speeches on the war against terrorism
  • Luttu Anni-Mari: Geography:Research of the quality of services in Kasarmi area, Oulu, Finland and satisfaction of the people living in the area
  • Mukami Serah: History:Land issue as a cause of tribal clash in 1991 Rift valley province, Kenya
  • Määttä Laura: English B:The relative morality in Toni Morrison’s Sula as seen through sexual intercourse, friendship and contingencies of love
  • Ojanperä Riikka: Finnish A1:Arto Paasilinnan Hirnuva maailmanloppu. Hevosen merkitys teoksessa
  • Paloniemi Riikka: English B:Differences and similarities in short stories by Edgar Allan Poe and Stephen King
  • Pitkäjärvi Aleksi: English A1:Non-conformity or post-traumatic stress disorder? What is the underlying cause of Holden Caulfied’s psychological problems?
  • Riihimäki Heidi: Business and Management:What can “dna Laajakaista” do to increase their market share?
  • Roman Pekko: Mathematics:On the history of the Riemann hypothesis and its significance in the distribution of prime numbers
  • Ruotsalainen Nikolas: Physics:Studies on the sound of objects in motion through the Doppler effect
  • Rusila Mari: English B:The motifs of time travelling in H.G. Wells’ “The Time Machine” and in Audrey Niffenegger’s “The Time Traveler’s Wife”
  • Saarinen Lasse: Geography: A geographical investigation of the predicted future of Kemi that has been made
  • Taanila Jaakko: History:Emigration from Finland to Sweden. Root causes, motives and phasesof the emigration from Finland’s northern and eastern agriculturalregions to Sweden from the late 1960’s to early 1970’s.
  • Tulyakova Elena: Chemistry:Study of indicator properties of Finnish berries
  • Utoslahti Säde-Tuulia: History:History text books in the formation of the Finnish national identity.To what extent the history text books used to promote patriotism in theFinnish education in the 1920s?
  • Vanhanen Laura: Finnish A1:“Ruusu on kaunis jo itsessään, ei siksi että se kuvaa tai symboloijotain”. Venäläisen runoilijan Anna Ahmatovan vaikutus Anni Sinnemäenrunokokoelman Sokeana Hetkenä runoihin
  • Väisänen Tiina: English A1:Parental control in Jeanette Winterson’s Oranges are not the only fruit and Iain Banks’ The wasp factory


  • Belt, Tiina: Biology: The effects of salt and caffeine on urination frequency and volume
  • del Carpio Laura: English A1: An examination of the role of flowers in Margaret Atwood’s “The Handmaids’s Tale”
  • Fors Pauliina: English B: The development and description of Fool’s character in the Farseer and Tawny Man Trilogies by Robin Hobb
  • Haverinen, Eero: Business and Management: What products and services should be provided in Pharmacy of Tyrnävä to increase profitability?
  • Helanen, Heidi: Finnish A1: Päähenkilön persoonallisuuden ja identiteetin kehitys psykoanalyyttisesta näkökulmasta Annika Idströmin romaanissa Veljeni Sebastian
  • Hirvonen, Salomo: History: How and why did the two groups of Communist Party of Finland react to the Prague Spring and the following intervention in 1968?
  • Jaurakkajärvi, Eveliina: Biology: Effects of organic fertiliser and organic lime on the growth, size and yield of carrot Daucus carota ssp. sativus in sandy peat soil
  • Kiseliovas, Gvidas: Physics: Relationship of spoiler created drag and downforce at altering angels
  • Kotiaho, Antti: Finnish A1: Siirtolaisuuden kuvaamisen todenmukaisuus Antti Tuurin Uusi Jerusalem –teoksessa
  • Lahtinen, Soile: Finnish A1: Naisten rooli yhteisössä Minna Canthin näytelmässä ”Työmiehen vaimo” ja romaanissa ”Hanna”
  • Lau, Ka Ki: History: Finland’s refugee policy. An examination of the Finnish refugee policy 1973-1988
  • Marjomaa, Noora: Visual Arts: Two times, two cultures, two photographers. Sabah Naim and Walker Evans
  • Marttila, Eemeli: Biology: The effects of short term sleep deprivation on a person’s reaction time
  • Mikkotervo, Veera: English A1: The study of communal and familial isolation and support in Alice Hoffman’s novel ”At Risk”
  • Mäkelä, Anni: History: What were the goals and motives for the political activism of a member in the 1970’s SDNL?
  • Narraway James: Physics: Can a computer be used to generate electricity?
  • Näppä, Anna: Finnish A1: Kuolema lastenkirjallisuudessa
  • Oksanen, Jenni: Biology: How bait affects on the catch of fish on cloudy and sunny weather on the afternoon and in the evening.
  • Peedo, Annika: History: Finnish migration to Mount Isa in the 1960’s
  • Pesonen, Sanna: English B: How E.M. Forster in his novel “A Passage to India” presents the idea of friendship between two races?
  • Piiroinen, Elina: Biology: How do humidity, temperature and illuminance affect on the height, the number of the leaves, the colour of the leaves, the flowering and inflorescence of Calendula officinalis Kablouna?
  • Puumalainen, Sinikka: History: US or UK – where did punk originate?
  • Rantala, Aino: English B: ”What I do I do because I like to do.” To what extent can the behaviour of the main character of a Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess be interpreted through moral individualism
  • Ranto, Tiina: Finnish A1: ”Pyhä Lauri auttakoon”. Kristinusko päähenkilöiden elämässä Kaari Utrion teoksessa Viipurin kaunotar.
  • Runtti, Sanna: Finnish A1: Huumorin ja komiikan keinot Juha Peltosen teoksessa ”Elmo”
  • Rytilahti, Marjo: Biology: How do different kinds of fertilizers affect the height and the amount of leaves of the Calendula officinalis fl. p. Ball’s Orange?
  • Sippala, Emilia: Finnish A1: Seksuaalinen hyväksikäyttö Helmi Vilppolan romaanissa Piilossa
  • Sorvari, Anne: Biology: Does caffeine affect the reaction times in humans?
  • Tohmo, Marja: Finnish A1: Nuoruuden kuvaus Taru Väyrysen teoksissa Kissan kuolema (1990) ja Pilven varjo (1989)
  • Tolonen, Jussi-Pekka: Music: Investigation of the roles of the musical elements (rhythm, melody, texture, tone colour and harmony) in creating and supporting the theme of the third album of Muse, Absolution
  • Törrö, Hanna: Finnish A1: Äidin ja tyttären välinen suhde Anna-Leena Härkösen romaneissa Avoimien ovien päivä (1998) ja Juhannusvieras (2006)
  • Valtonen, Ville: English B: Mara’s coming of age in RAymond E. Feist’s and Janny Wurts’ novel “Daughter of the Empire”
  • Vanhanen Saara: English B: Lauryn Hill: How does a confessional neo-soul hip hop artist use religious linguistic structures to create and convey a strong spiritual message?
  • Yang, Yuchen: Physics: Thermal insulation due to the phenomenon of film boiling


  • Ainesmaa Samu: Finnish A1: The War of the Ring: A Holy War?
  • Alsins Arturs: Mathematics: Mathematical inductions: use of mathematical induction in different areas of mathematics
  • Graudins Sandis: English B: As a one part of culture – football
  • Hakalahti Minna: Chemistry: Comparison of the immediate effects of calcium carbonate, phosphate fertiliser and a combination of calcium carbonate and phosphate fertiliser on the pH of acidic lake water
  • Heikkinen Karoliina: Finnish A1: Seksuaalisuus Anna-Leena Härkösen teoksissa Häräntappoase, Avoimien ovien päivä ja Akvaariorakkautta.
  • Hietala Mira: Finnish A1: “Minä olen jumala, ikuinen kiusasi”. Jumalan kuva Kotiteollisuuden lyriikoissa
  • Hulkko Ville: Business and Management: Is there a difference in customer service satisfaction between Major- and Minor post offices of Oulu in the aspects of both service- and information providing?
  • Huotari Outi: English B: How Does Mike Skinner Represent the British Underclass Youth?
  • Jaakola Aino: Music: Different ways of interpreting music
  • Juotasniemi Antti: Music: Has Nicolo Paganini’s ”Caprice 24” influenced or inspired Cacophony’s ”Speed Metal Symphony”?
  • Kanniainen Topi: Finnish A1: Poliittisuus Ultra Bran lyriikoissa
  • Keränen Oskari: Physics: The effect on tip vortex when decreasing the number of wind barriers
  • Kiviluoma Mikko: Mathematics: How to solve the shortest network on a plane?
  • Kolehmainen Tiina: Psychology: Television and children: How does television affect the development of children’s gender identity and gender stereotypes?
  • Korhonen Jenni: English B: Why is Harry Potter so significant? 17 years of the author’s life, why it happened and where it took her.
  • Korkala Essi: Biology: The Biodiversity of Finnish Pine Forest at Different Stages of Succession
  • Kortelainen Joonas: Chemistry: Study of the effect of hypothermia and fever on the buffer capacity of bovine blood
  • Kyllönen Emmi: English B: Religious symbolism in Philip Pullman’s tirlogy His Dark Materials
  • Lahdenperä Karoliina: Psychology: Methodological limitations and challenges in infant studies
  • Livingstone Alex: English A1: Jerry Jenkins & C.S. Lewis and the seduction of children
  • Mustonen Irene: Business and Management: Has the takeover by L’Oreal affected consumer attitude towards The Body Shop?
  • Myllykangas, Netta-Ida: Finnish A1: Uskonto suomalaisessa kirjallisuudessa: suomalaisten romaanien henkilöiden uskontokäsityksistä
  • Niskanen Eevi: Finnish A1: Kuinka sota vaikuttaa lasten kehitykseen teoksissa Pojat ja Marsipaanisotilas?
  • Nuotio Ulpukka: Biology: Human evolution: What evidence does the anatomical structure of a common whitefish Coregonus lavaretus give for the evolution of the modern human Homo sapiens?
  • Ojanperä Laura: Chemistry: Investigation of the variation in the amount of oxalic acid in the stem and leaves of rhubarb during the growing season
  • Ollikainen Matti: Finnish A1: Rakkaus Ismo Alangon lyriikoissa
  • Olsén Maiju: Psychology: The persuasive tools used in advertisements: the use of them and a review of theories
  • Pasanen Ilkka: Business and Management: Internal communications in Sasken Finland Ltd: How well does the internal communications network of Sasken Finland work in transmitting information vertically and horizontally within the company?
  • Pietilä Alexander: Chemistry: A comparative study of the effects of three different antacids
  • Saaranen Eija: English B: How was Black identity evolved during the Harlem Renaissance and how is that shown in Nella Larsen’s novel Passing?
  • Saastamoinen Jesperi: Finnish A1: Vanhenevan miehen kuvaus teoksissa Aitta ja Vanhus ja meri.
  • Saloranta Juuso: Physics: The Relationship Between the Draw Length and the Efficiency of a Bow
  • Saukkonen Maria: Finnish A1: Vertausten funktio Umayya Abu-Hannan romaanissa “Nurinkurin”
  • Seppälä Maiju: Physics: How does the density of stone wool affect its ability to prevent the flow of heat?
  • Solomon Henok: English A1: Analysing Tupac poems & lyrics
  • Somani Juhi: Mathematics: The relations between T-numbers, trinomial coefficients and Pascal’s triangle; and the similarities between Pascal’s triangle and Pascal’s pyramid
  • Sorvari Leena: Biology: The Growth of Barley in Different Soil Types During the first Month
  • Tiittanen Eero: Psychology: Are there gender differences in problem solving?
  • Usoskina Evguenia: Mathematics: Creation of a simple gambling game
  • Vaarala Noora: Finnish A1: 1970-luvun suomalaisen vasemmistoliikkeen osapuolijako Laura Honkasalon romaanissa Sinun lapsesi eivät ole sinun
  • Wickström Siiri: Chemistry: Activation energy in baking of muffins


  • Ala-Siuru Elisa: Psychology: Gender differences in stress coping strategies. Are there differences in stress coping strategies between men and women?
  • Azam Shadi: Biology: The study of the gender differences in muscle fatigue and recovery time. How much do muscle fatigue and recovery time occur in females and males during the isometric exercise?
  • Baublyte Giedre: English A1: Escape in Kahled Hosseini’s and Sonya Hartnett’s works. Treatment of theme of escape in Khaled Hosseini’s “Thousand Splendid Suns” and Sonya Hartnett’s “Thursday’s Child”
  • Beliaeva Margarita: Finnish A1: Yksinäisyyden kuvaus Jari Ehrnroothin teoksessa Deserton pyörre ja Haruki Murakamin teoksessa Sputnik-rakastettuni.
  • Blankenstein Harri: Business and Management: How can Prisma improve employee happiness by Herzberg’s 2-factor theorem
  • Blomberg Sallamari: English A1: The Portrayal of Death in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter Series. Rowling’s Influence on the Readers’ Beliefs about Death
  • Eksymä Viivi: Biology: Comparing the similarity of the results of four different physical fitness tests as a measure of physical fitness
  • Göktas Göksel: Mathematics: Constructive Solid Geometry. Generation, Refinement and Manipulation of Triangle Meshes in Two and Three Dimensional Euclidean Space in Function of Procedural Generation and Boolean Logic
  • Hautamäki Jenni: English B: How does the language of men and women affect social relationships in Pride and Prejudice and Bridget Jones’s Diary? The language of men and women based on Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and Helen Fielding’s Bridget Jones’s Diary.
  • Heinämaa Emmi: English A1: Why has Pullman included daemons in His Dark Materials? An exploration of what Pullman loses and what he gains through the inclusion of daemons in his trilogy.
  • Hurskainen Henri: Chemistry: A comparison of different methods of synthesizing aspirin
  • Jansons Matiss: English B: Is it possible to make reader come in another reality/time, by writing perfect tales using material about tiny details, which were popular during this period of art?
  • Jurvakainen Elisa: Psychology: To What Extent is Media Violence a Contributor to Aggression in Children and Adolescents?
  • Kajula Anniina: English B: The role of tea in the English culture
  • Kannasmaa Johannes: Physics: How does broadcasting over FM affect sound quality
  • Kantola Venla: Chemistry: Determination of the amount of aluminium released from an aluminium pan using complexometric back titration
  • Karimi Ashegh: Physics: Is it possible to study the physical properties of loudspeaker using simple school’s equipment?
  • Karjalainen Joni: History: Did the Vikings have any kind of concept for honour?
  • Kaukua Petra: Business and Management: How could Pentik Oy extend its brand into children’s clothes?
  • Kemppainen Pauliina: Business and Management: How can an International IT company improve its pre-departure training programme to ease the acculturation process of its employees.
  • Koivisto Jonne: Finnish A1: Länsimaalaistuminen Lähi-idässä. Havaintoja kirjallisuudesta. mediasta ja populaarikulttuurista
  • Kokins Kaspars: Psychology: To what extend Hatha Yoga affects people’s stress levels?
  • Komulainen Hanna: Psychology: Gender Stereotypes: Can They Disappear Before They Develop?
  • Korhonen Jasmi: Psychology: The effect of post-event information on memories. To what extent can misleading post-event information affect the testimony of an eyewitness?
  • Koskinen Juuli: English B: The presentation of homosexuality in the TV series Sex and City, Will & Grace, Queer as Folk and The L-word
  • Kostamovaara Johanna: Finnish A1: Syömishäiriö Sofi Oksasen teoksessa Stalinin lehmät
  • Kärkkäinen Heini: Finnish A1: Kontekstin käyttö ja merkitys Mika Waltarin historiallisessa romaanissa ”Sinuhe egyptiläinen”
  • Leppävuori Liisa: History: Why was it necessary for the Allied Forces to bomb Dresden in the Second World War?
  • Lukkarinen Juho-Tuomas: Psychology: Homosexuality: Innate or learned?
  • Maciejeck Julia: History: Between 1852 – 1890 why did Germans emigrate from Bremerhaven and how did their hopes fulfill in the USA?
  • Mitikka Maarit: Finnish A1: Tarvitaanko sodassa sankareita? Suomalaisen sotilaan sankarillisuus ja antisankarillisuus Väinö Linnan Tuntemattomassa sotilaassa ja Esa Sirénin Iskujoukkueessa
  • Mustonen Mia: Psychology: How does the presence and role of the primary caregiver influence a child’s attachment and social development?
  • Niskanen Matti: Physics: How does a dynamic hifi loudspeaker work?
  • Pesu Tommi: Mathematics: Generalization of poker in terms of suits and cards per suit; and how to calculate hand strength midgame
  • Petäsnoro Riikka: History: The Meiji Ishin as an Influencing Factor during Early-Shouwa Period. To what extent was the militarism of the early-Shouwa period caused by the influence of the self-consolidating effort of the Meiji Ishin?
  • Preen Nicholas: English A1: How Does Setting Emphasise Fear In Isaac Asimov’s I-Robot?
  • Rahkola Laura: Business and Management: How Does The Country of Origin Affect Finnish Consumer Attitudes?
  • Saarinen Sofia: Finnish A1: Fantasiakirjallisuuden elementit Päivi Honkapään teoksessa Viides tuuli
  • Sanderson Maria: English A1: The presentation an significance of Good and Evil in children’s novels
  • Semenoff Tiia: Chemistry: Investigation of chemiluminescence reaction of luminol to detect blood
  • Sipola Miikka: Psychology: What is the relationship of playing violent video games to aggressive behaviour in adolescents and children?
  • Stenfors Sebastian: Business and Management: How can Construction Automation Company Stenfors PLC enter the market in St. Petersburg?
  • Suomalainen Heikki: Psychology: Can dreams be consciously controlled?
  • Tervo Hanna-Elina: Psychology: Is depression a product of culture?
  • Tewelde Habte Yohana: English A1: How does Philip Pullman utilize Lyra’s character to develop his idea of Dust?
  • Tohmo Sanna: Finnish A1: Nainen, mies ja avioliiton kahleet. Naiskuva ja naisen asema teoksissa Työmiehen vaimo ja Huojuva talo
  • Tuovinen Olli: History: Caesar’s return to Rome and his motives when crossing the river Rubicon
  • Tuunanen Sanna-Mari: History: The Cult of Stalin. How did the use of arts contribute to the creation of the Stalin cult?
  • Urpelainen Else: English B: How does the Australian football impact to the Australian culture?
  • Verkasalo Linda: English B: What is the significance of fox hunting in Great-Britain for its culture and animals?
  • Virranniemi Greta: Psychology: What are the Factors Affecting Psychological Well-Being among Homosexual Youth?
  • Välipirtti Jussi: Economics: Limitations of Finnish Government Policies to Promote Sustainable Consumption
  • Väyrynen Laura: Chemistry: The analysis of vitamin C in juice samples of different temperatures
  • Weissenfelt Carita: Theatre: What were the aims of Athol Fugard’s The Island and South African protest theatre, and how were they achieved?


  • Ahola Sari: English B: How does Jane Yolen’s Briar Rose develop and make use of the fairy tale of Sleeping Beauty?
  • Al Amir Jasmin: Biology: How does intensity of light influence the pigments found in specific biological stains?
  • Ala Henni: English A1: The Use of Motion and Its Disruption in Robert Frost’s “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”, “Acquainted with the Night” and “On a Tree Fallen Across the Road”
  • Andreou Elena: Psychology: To What Extent Does Evolutionary Psychological Theory Explain Physical Attraction?
  • Ariyaeimehr Kasra: Physics: Study of Bending in a Model Bridge using Michelson Interferometer
  • Aspelund Janne: Finnish A1: Työn merkitys Pohjantähden alla: Millä tavalla työ ohjaa Linnan hahmojen käytöstä ja kehitystä teoksessa Täällä Pohjantähden alla?
  • Cook Stephanie: Psychology: To what extent does gender affect the likelihood of becoming anorexic?
  • Hannonen Lotta: Finnish A1: Julian jalanjäljissä: Mikä on intertekstuaalisuuden funktio Minna Canthin näytelmässä Papin perhe?
  • Haverinen Sanna-Mari: Finnish A1: Psykodynaaminen näkökulma Teuvo Pakkalan romaaniin Pieni elämäntarina
  • Heinämaa Elisa: English B: The portrayal of women’s position and role in fairytales. How are the position and role of women in relationships and marriage portrayed in Angela Carter’s short stories The Bloody Chamber and The Company of Wolves.
  • Hietala Jenna: English B: How does Candace Bushnell create the negative image of having a relationship in New York through description of the characters and their actions in her novel, Sex and the City?
  • Hiltunen Ville: Chemistry: Chemistry of Honey: Investigating monofloral honeys and their chemical properties
  • Hirvisalo Emma: English A1: The Solace of Postmodern Reality: How do the characters use their imagination as an act of consolation in Nicole Krauss’s The History of Love?
  • Hänninen Miika: Computer Science: Evaluation of SCTP as a modern alternative for TCP
  • Jauhiainen Samu: Business and Management: hoe to improve the motivation of idesco Oy employees by using non-financial motivation methods?
  • Juffer Yorick: History: An analysis of British departure from Palestine. To what extent did British policies/departure lead to the civil war in 1947?
  • Juntunen Noora-Kaisa: Finnish A1: Moniäänisyys Maija Vilkkumaan lyriikassa
  • Karppinen Ilona: Psychology: To What Extent Do Family Dynamics Determine the Development of Schizophrenia?
  • Koirikivi Rainer: Computer Science: Comparison of Python and C++ with focus on the development of two-dimensional computer games
  • Kovalainen Jenni: Biology: The Effect of Glycemic Index of the Breakfast on Blood Glucose Levels over Two Hour Period
  • Kupiainen Silja: Business and Management: How does a TV commercial affect the awareness of the West Coast brand?
  • Laitila Kirsi: Finnish A1: Naisen onni PMMP:n lyriikoissa. Voiko nainen löytää onnea?
  • Laitinen Sami: Mathematics: Minimisation in Analytic Geometry
  • Lamberg Emma: Business and Management: How can Nokia Siemens Networks use non-monetary methods to motivate employees from different cultures?
  • Leskinen Kalle: Chemistry: Drug analysis performing color and spectroscopic test for different medicines and spices.
  • Lundström Tuomas: Psychology: To what extent could psilocybin be used in medical use for depression?
  • Martikainen Niina: Finnish A1: “Oi uni, jumalten lahja”. Unet ja unelma Eino Leinon runoissa
  • Marttila Topi: History: Weapon caching case in Finland after the Continuation War in Oulu area. What were the reasons for weapon caching and who were behind it?
  • Moisanen Jenni: Finnish A1: Miten nuoret puhuvat runoissaan rakkaudesta?
  • Myllymäki Mikko: Mathematics: Heronian triangles – triangles where sides are consecutive integers and area is a whole number
  • Mäkelä Katariina: Biology: The effectiveness of using Gatorade on a 1500 m run
  • Niemeläinen Jenni: English B: Steal this EE. How does A. Hoffman refer to authorities in his book “Steal this book” and what is the effect?
  • Niskanen Laura: Finnish A1: Zara, Aliide, Anna Liisa – Kuinka pelko ilmenee naisissa Minna Canthin näytelmässä Anna Liisa ja Sofi Oksasen romaanissa Puhdistus?
  • Ollanketo Niina: Psychology: Cultures of touching – To what extent does touching behaviour vary according culture?
  • Pasanen Arttu: History: The eradication of Christianity from Japan during the late 16th and early 17th century. What were the reasons and the impact of the imperial edicts on the eradication of Christianity between 1587 and 1639?
  • Penttilä Elisa: History: How did the Quiet Revolution affect the preservation of French language in the province of Quebec?
  • Poolsopha Chatree: Biology: using Effective Microorganism instead of chemical fertilizer
  • Pozdniakova Natalia: English B: How are cultural stereotypes of greed used in William Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice and Marina Lewycka’s novel A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian? Cultural stereotypes of greed in literature.
  • Raappana Olli: History: Winter war of 1939 – 1940. What significance did the use of motti tactic have to the course of the Winter War of 1939 – 1940?
  • Rekilä Elina: Business and Management: How can Oulun Työterveys motivate their employees through non-monetary methods of motivation
  • Röppänen Tuomo: Biology: The effects of caffeine – a literature review and experiment on the effects to the recovery heart rate after exercise
  • Saastamoinen Jesperi: Finnish A1: “Mutta minä näytän sille, mihin mies pystyy ja mitä mies kestää”. Vanhenevan miehen kuvaus Ernest Hemingwayn teoksessa Vanhus ja meri ja Antti Hyryn teoksessa Aitta
  • Schroderus Tiina: Finnish A1: Kuinka henkilökuva muodostuu Veikko Huovisen teoksissa Hamsterit ja Koirankynnen leikkaaja
  • Seppänen Samu: Physics: The Physics of Table Tennis
  • Solomon Meron: English A1: How identity is treated in The Colored Museum
  • Säilynkangas Sami: History: Blitzkrieg in Action. A study of Usage of Lightning War in Three Major Military Operations of WWII in 1939 – 1941
  • Tajakka Johanna: Biology: The effect of caffeine on blood pressure
  • Varis Katariina: English B: How are women represented in magazine advertisements?
  • Vuorma Ville: Chemistry: An experimental and theoretical investigation to determine amount of vitamin C in lemon juice at different temperatures
  • Ylisaukko-oja Anssi: Chemistry: Theoretical and experimental consideration of kinetics of chemiluminescence in glow sticks


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