Difference Between Application And Cover Letter

There are subtle differences between application letters and cover letters. However, the terms cover and application are sometimes used interchangeably. An application letter is often intended to stand on its own, whereas a cover letter generally can't be the applicant's only document submitted to express interest in a job opening.

Cover Letter Versus Application Letter Introductions

Cover letters typically contain a brief introduction. The introduction in a cover letter consists of three to four sentences about the job seeker's work experiences, education, accomplishments and the type of organizations he feels are best suited for his qualifications. On the other hand, an application letter might contain a more extensive introduction simply because this letter serves a purpose that's similar to the resume.

Example:

Dear (Hiring Executive),

Please accept my enclosed application for the position of executive assistant to your Vice President of Operations. I'm pleased to say that my qualifications match your job requirements perfectly. In my current role with Genex Engineering, I handle all of the same duties and much more as executive assistant to the president and CEO for the past four years. My experience, education (bachelor's degree), strong communication skills and ability to manage complex tasks and solve problems makes me an ideal candidate for your position.

Cover Letter Versus Application Letter Work History

An application letter generally contains a brief description of the job seeker's work history or professional experience. An application letter often can substitute for a resume and, therefore, requires that the job seeker include specific information about her work history and professional competencies. A cover letter shouldn't contain too much information about the job seeker's work history because it's merely an introduction to the resume. It's acceptable for a cover letter to reference the job seeker's work history in a sentence or two about her current or previous employer; however, it shouldn't contain details about any professional experience.

Example of Cover Letter Work History:

Prior to working at Genex Engineering, I was executive secretary to the COO at Boomer Industrial Hose Inc. and started my career as a receptionist/ secretary for the Sales Manager at Geny Oil Corp. 10 years ago in Texas.

No need to add more to your work history in a cover letter as it is thoroughly covered in the accompanying resume.

Example of Application Letter Work History:

At Genex Engineering, I handle all of the duties required of your position and much more as executive assistant to the president and CEO for the past four years. In addition to providing secretarial and administrative support to the president, I train other secretaries to support other high-level executives and regularly speak at conventions and manage trade shows. My responsibilities also include creating presentations and proposals, arranging travel for all the executives, generating reports and taking responsibility for confidential company documents. I spearheaded modifications in IT that generated increased profitability for Genex and implemented a variety of upgrades in our accounting procedures dramatically cutting costs in that department.

After describing your duties in your present position, you would then briefly describe your duties in your two previous junior-intermediate level jobs at Boomer and Geny Oil.

Cover Letter Versus Application Letter Content

A cover letter is a teaser. Its intent is to capture the reader's attention enough to make the recruiter or hiring manager want to review the resume. The cover letter should contain just enough information that it doesn't give away everything about the applicant. An application letter, on the other hand, is a more comprehensive document. It describes the applicant's educational background, certifications and licenses, and in some cases, salary history for job postings that require it.

When to Use an Application Letter

When an employer specifically requires a cover letter and resume, that's what the job seeker should submit. It's relatively rare that an employer will accept an application letter in lieu of a cover letter and resume. The two approaches are different and employers use application letters infrequently when compared to how they use cover letters and resumes. An application letter is more appropriate for unsolicited interest, or when there isn't a job posting. For example, an application letter could be mailed to several employers that aren't advertising specific jobs vacancies as a way to provide a more extensive introduction to prospective employers.

Uses of Cover Letters and Application Letters

A cover letter is almost always used to express interest in employment. An application letter can be used for employment purposes; however, it can also be used for applying for a place in an academic program or an internship program. Employers don't always require a cover letter, but it's always a good idea to use a cover letter. On the other hand, an application letter might be the only requirement sought by schools or employers – with an application letter, it may not always be necessary to include a resume.

About the Author

Ruth Mayhew began writing in 1985. Her work appears in "The Multi-Generational Workforce in the Health Care Industry" and "Human Resources Managers Appraisal Schemes." Mayhew earned senior professional human resources certification from the Human Resources Certification Institute and holds a Master of Arts in sociology from the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

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Here are some important points to note about the difference between both documents: In their simplest form; A Cover Letter as the name implies, can cover any kind of document--a report, a CV/résumé, a budget, application package, even an application letter!, while an Application Letter is specifically an application for seeking a job.

An application letter is often intended to stand on its own, and basically contains your qualifications and describes a bit of who you are and what you have done, as well as, your objectives and why you want to apply for a job.

Whereas a cover letter generally can't be the applicant's only document submitted to express interest in a job opening. A cover letter typically accompanies each resume you send out.

A cover letter should complement, not duplicate, your resume. Its purpose is to interpret the data-oriented, factual resume and add a personal touch.

A Cover Letter is usually a page you have typed in the format of any buisness letter in which you introduce yourself to a perspective employer.

While an Application can sometimes be a form that is given by a hiring company or person in which you would fill in information asked for on this form that would often be included in a resume. Many employers will ask you to write to them perhaps in the form of application letters when they advertise jobs. Sometimes you will be asked to send your CV or resume. Your CV or curriculum vitae lists your educational and career history and is a useful summary for an employer of all your educational and employment achievements up to the present time.

You must always ensure that it is up to date. A covering letter may then be very useful because you can enclose it with your CV or the completed application letter. In your covering letter you can then draw attention to particular information which you wish to highlight in the other documents it covers (application letter or CV). Finally, however, to clear your doubts, cover letters can also sometimes be used as application letters. I hope this helps.

34 Likes 15 SharesRe: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by danduchi(m): 11:39am On Feb 03, 2016

Emeka Taiwo Ahmed
20 Second Ave.
Surulere, Lagos
April 7, 2013
The Human Resource Manager
XYZ Company
123 Central District.
Abuja, Nigeria
Dear Sir/Madam,
I am interested in the Coordinator position advertised on
ABC Media. Given my related experience and excellent
capabilities I would appreciate your consideration for this
job opening. My skills are an ideal match for this position.
As a professional administrative assistant with excellent
research skills, I am eager to contribute my abilities and
experience to XYZ Company. Given my extensive training
and background, I believe I can help XYZ Company meet its
goal of providing only the most accurate and timely
information to its clients.
Please find enclosed my resume and a list of my references.
Feel free to call me at 1234567890, to arrange a time to
meet. I look forward to hearing from you.
Sincerely,
Emeka Taiwo Ahmed.

74 Likes 25 SharesRe: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by Gentleface5(m): 12:06pm On Feb 03, 2016

nice one bro

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by johndwayy(m): 12:34pm On Feb 03, 2016

@danduchi, wot u wrote just now, is it a cover letter or an application letter?

4 Likes Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by danduchi(m): 1:02pm On Feb 03, 2016

johndwayy:
@danduchi, wot u wrote just now, is it a cover letter or an application letter?
a cover letter

6 Likes Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by jachi001(f): 1:59pm On Feb 03, 2016

Now i know the difference. Thanks op for the enlightment.

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by Babzrockman: 2:05pm On Feb 03, 2016

Op, what u have just done will change some peoples lives and mindset. Excellent!
But it would 've been good if u equally give an example of application letter since u hav given for cover letter

4 Likes Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by johndwayy(m): 2:20pm On Feb 03, 2016

Babzrockman:
Op, what u have just done will change some peoples lives and mindset. Excellent!
But it would 've been good if u equally give an example of application letter since u hav given for cover letter
Dats the truth... Op please give a sample of application letter aslo.

1 Like Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by faites(f): 2:28pm On Feb 03, 2016

johndwayy:

Dats the truth... Op please give a sample of application letter aslo.

I love this letter. It already put the job seeker in very bright light that can catch any attention

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by Benjom(m): 2:55pm On Feb 03, 2016

Good effort OP.

I equally wrote about this in a comprehensive manner on my site with a template:
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1 Like Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by palladin: 3:33pm On Feb 03, 2016

Good one @op
Now i know.

Dragnet, SHL, Workforce PQ & Answers are on this thread http://www.nairaland.com/2685888/myjob-mobile-app-android

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by danduchi(m): 4:25pm On Feb 03, 2016

Sample of a good Application letter.

4, Asa street,
Ikeja Lagos.
Ist June,2006.
The Human resources Manager,
ABC Nigeria Limited.
4, Tom street, Ibadan
Oyo state
Dear sir,
APPLICATION FOR THE POST OF A CHIEF ACCOUNTANT
I read with extreme interest your advertisement in The
Guardian Newspaper of May 30th 2006 for the post of a
Chief Accountant. My second class upper grade in
Accounting,proffessional qualification (ACA), Master degree
in finance and many years cognate experience seems to
fit me well for this position.
I understand this post requires a candidate with strong
analytical mind,a self starter ,who must be able to work with
lesser supervision.
All this attributes are already part of me as evidenced by my
rapid promotion in the past. Kindly contact me at the above address or through my telephone number 08038363655 for an interview where my ability to add value to ABC Nigeria limited can be assessed. Thank you for your time and considration
Yours faithfully,
Adekunle Olufunso

29 Likes 7 SharesRe: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by profeoo(m): 4:51pm On Feb 03, 2016

Nice job @ op
However, I wish to add that a covering letter should have at least 3 paragraphs without leaving any margin.
The first paragraph should also indicate when you will be available to start with the company.
The second and third should express your skills and what makes you stand out tall for the job.
Once more good job!


To fellow joblanders,let's ensure to add a cover letter to any application whether it was asked or not. It strengthens
strengthens your CV.


.lalasticlala come and see food ooo

3 Likes 3 SharesRe: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by sheddo619(m): 5:17pm On Feb 03, 2016

Danduchi Thanks a lot for those perfect samples up there, I think lalasticlala needs to see this

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by deanoffaculty: 6:00pm On Feb 03, 2016

Thanks OP....a million hugs for you!

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by timilehin007(m): 6:49pm On Feb 03, 2016

Educative

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by brunofarad(m): 6:49pm On Feb 03, 2016

For job seekers

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by Clone2020(m): 6:49pm On Feb 03, 2016

After all this packaging, they will still give the job to the person with the fake britico accent or the most bleached girl or family members & friends of the company.

6 Likes Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by cutetopsey(f): 6:50pm On Feb 03, 2016

ok

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by Nobody: 6:51pm On Feb 03, 2016

letter na letter ask buhari!

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by esaias1(m): 6:51pm On Feb 03, 2016

well done op.

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by ladyF(f): 6:53pm On Feb 03, 2016
Educating....

It's [size=15pt]LadyF[/size] again
Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by abbey621(m): 6:54pm On Feb 03, 2016

When it comes to applying for a job, there's no difference between a cover letter and an application letter. Both must be accompanied with a resume or CV and are designed to influence the hiring manager or HR's decision.

5 Likes Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by dedons: 6:57pm On Feb 03, 2016

Ok

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by adebrave1(m): 6:59pm On Feb 03, 2016

ok

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by Horlawale1(m): 7:00pm On Feb 03, 2016

Nice one bro

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by AreaFada2: 7:04pm On Feb 03, 2016

Very useful. A sample cv would be great. There are many formats out there now.

1 Like Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by MaBuk(f): 7:08pm On Feb 03, 2016

Well done

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by MisterDreamz(m): 7:10pm On Feb 03, 2016
This is just the same as my OAU predegree english note on application and cover letter...op Oya confess!
BTW nice knowledge shared there!
Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by MotorConnectz(m): 7:12pm On Feb 03, 2016

Wow thanks for this.

Re: Difference Between A Cover Letter And An Application Letter by Jahdeyemi: 7:13pm On Feb 03, 2016

profeoo:
Nice job @ op
However, I wish to add that a covering letter should have at least 3 paragraphs without leaving any margin.
The first paragraph should also indicate when you will be available to start with the company.
The second and third should express your skills and what makes you stand out tall for the job.
Once more good job!


To fellow joblanders,let's ensure to add a cover letter to any application whether it was asked or not. It strengthens
strengthens your CV.


.lalasticlala come and see food ooo
can u write ur cover letter in d body of ur email wit ur attached cv? If yes, do u nid to include ur address and d addressee, jst like d Op did in d above cover letter

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